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Taxon: Irvingia gabonensis (Aubry-Lecomte ex OʼRorke) Baill.

Genus: Irvingia
Family: Irvingiaceae
Nomen number: 20449
Place of publication: Traité bot. méd. phan. 2:881. 1884
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • African wild mango  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • dikabread-tree  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • dikanut  (Source: Cornucopia) - English
  • dikanut-tree  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • rainy season bush-mango  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • sweet bush-mango  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • chocolatier  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • dika  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • dika du Gabon  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • manguier sauvage  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • odika  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • ogbono  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • Dikanuß  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • árbol chocolate  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • irvingia  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (presscake for cattle feed)
  • Food additives:
  • Human food: fruit; nut; oil/fat (fide PROTA4U)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:


    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone


  1. Berhaut, J. 1971-. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  2. Burkill, H. M. 1985-2004. The useful plants of west tropical Africa.
  3. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  4. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Irvingia+gabonensis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  5. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  6. Leakey, R. R. B. et al. 2004. Evidence that subsistence farmers have domesticated indigenous fruits (Dacryodes edulis and Irvingia gabonensis) in Cameroon and Nigeria. Agroforest. Systems 60:101-111.
  7. Okafor, J. C. 1990. Development and selection of commercially viable cultivars from forest species for fruit. Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 23a:81-97.
  8. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  9. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  10. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  11. USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 2010. Wood technical fact sheet: Irvingia gabonensis. Note: re. use in heavy construction
  12. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  13. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Irvingia gabonensis (Aubry-Lecomte ex OʼRorke) Baill. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?20449. Accessed 14 July 2020.