Taxon: Jatropha gossypiifolia L.

Genus: Jatropha
Family: Euphorbiaceae
  Subfamily: Crotonoideae
      Tribe: Jatropheae
Nomen number: 20696
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1006. 1753, nom. cons.
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) with a conserved type (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.9 & App. IV) through conservation of the genus Jatropha
Name Verified on: 05-Sep-2013 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Sep-2013
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):325. 1999; Bot J Linn Soc 94:213. 1987, contains irritants; CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Everist; Kingsbury; Moldenke; Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; Trinidad and Tobago
    • Mesoamerica: El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Guyana; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru


  • Brummitt, R. K. 1995. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 43 (Taxon) 44:612.
  • Burger, W. C., ed. Flora costaricensis. 1971- (F CostaR)
  • Dehgan, B. 2012. Jatropha (Euphorbiaceae) Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 110:45-55.
  • Duke, J. A. 1999. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Everest, S. L. Poisonous plants of Australia. 1981 (Everist)
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hecker, E. 1987. Tumour promoters of cancer irritant diterpene esters type as risk factors of cancer in man Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 94:213.
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Jarvis, C. E. 1992. Seventy-two proposals for the conservation of types of selected Linnaean generic names, the report of Subcommittee 3C on the lectotypification of Linnaean generic names (Taxon) 41:564.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Moldenke, H. N. Poisonous plants of the world. Pamphlet, 3rd ed. 1951 (Moldenke)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):325.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)


Check other web resources for Jatropha gossypiifolia L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.