Taxon: Juglans cinerea L.

 
Genus: Juglans
Section: Trachycaryon
Family: Juglandaceae
Nomen number: 20732
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1273. 1759
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 15-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Jul-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 32 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: shade/shelter ()
  • Human food: nut ()
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for English walnut ()
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of black walnut (based on lack of hybrid formation in sympatry fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 257. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of English walnut (based on potential hybridization with Juglans regia fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 257. 2009)
  • Materials: wood ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick (s.w.), Ontario (s.), Quebec (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine (s.w.), Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota (e.), Missouri, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama (n.), Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia (n.), Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi (n.), North Carolina (w.), South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Juglandaceae&GenusID=Juglans&SpeciesID=cinerea), Virginia]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Browne, E. T. & R. Athey Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. 1992 (L Kentucky)
  3. Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. (F Indiana)
  4. Dong, W. et al. 2017. Phylogenetic resolution in Juglans based on complete chloroplast genomes and nuclear DNA sequences Front. Plant Sci. 8:1148.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist. (L Georgia)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  9. Fernald, M. L. Gray's manual of botany, ed. 8. (Grays Man)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  13. Hoban, S. M. et al. 2010. Range-wide distribution of genetic diversity in the North American tree Juglans cinerea: a product of range shifts, not ecological marginality or recent population decline Molec. Ecol. 19:4876-4891.
  14. Hoban, S. M. et al. 2009. Geographically extensive hybridization between the forets trees American butternut and Japanese walnut Biol. Lett. 5:324-327.
  15. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  16. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. (F IllJones)
  17. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  20. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  21. Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  22. Manning, W. E. 1957. The genus Juglans in Mexico and Central America J. Arnold Arbor. 38:121-150.
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  24. McCleary, T. S. et al. 2009. Four cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) markers for the detection of the Juglans ailantifolia chloroplast in putatively native J. cinerea populations Molec. Ecol. Resources 9:525-527.
  25. McGranahan, G. & C. Leslie 2009. Breeding walnuts (Juglans regia) (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 249-273.
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  27. Michler, C. H. et al. 2005. Improving disease resistance of butternut (Juglans cinerea), a threatened fine hardwood: a case for a single-tree selection through genetic improvement and deployment Tree Physiol. 26:121-128.
  28. Mitchell, R. S., ed. A checklist of New York state plants. New York State Mus. Bull. 458. 1986 (L New York)
  29. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  30. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  31. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  32. Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. (Rehder)
  33. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  34. Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  35. Ross-Davis, A. et al. 2008. Morphological and molecular methods to identify butternut (Juglans cinerea) and butternut hybrids: relevance to butternut conservation Tree Physiol. 28:1127-1133.
  36. Smith, E. B. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. 1978 (L Arkansas)
  37. Stanford, A. M. et al. 2000. Phylogeny and biogeography of Juglans (Juglandaceae) based on matK and ITS sequence data Amer. J. Bot. 87:872-882.
  38. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  39. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  40. Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. (Atlas Penn)
  41. Zhao, P. & K. E. Woeste 2011. DNA markers identify hybrids between butternut (Juglans cinerea L.) and Japanese walnut (Juglans ailantifolia Carr.) Tree Genet. Genomes 7:511-533.

Check other web resources for Juglans cinerea L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?20732. Accessed 22 May 2018.