Taxon: Juglans cinerea L.

 
Genus: Juglans
    Section: Trachycaryon
Family: Juglandaceae
Nomen number: 20732
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1273. 1759
Name Verified on: 15-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Jul-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 93 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide AH 519)
  • Human food: nut (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for English walnut (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of black walnut (based on lack of hybrid formation in sympatry fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 257. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of English walnut (based on potential hybridization with Juglans regia fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 257. 2009)
  • Materials: wood (fide Tree Physiol 26:122. 2005)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Ontario, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2007. Molecular phylogeny of Juglans (Juglandaceae): a biogeographic perspective Tree Genet. Genomes 3:363-378.
  • Browne, E. T. & R. Athey Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. 1992 (L Kentucky)
  • Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. 1940 (F Indiana)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist. 1981 (L Georgia)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Fernald, M. L. Gray's manual of botany, ed. 8. 1950 (Grays Man)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hoban, S. M. et al. 2010. Range-wide distribution of genetic diversity in the North American tree Juglans cinerea: a product of range shifts, not ecological marginality or recent population decline Molec. Ecol. 19:4876-4891.
  • Hoban, S. M. et al. 2009. Geographically extensive hybridization between the forets trees American butternut and Japanese walnut Biol. Lett. 5:324-327.
  • Hoban, S. M. et al. 2009. Geographically extensive hybridization between the forets trees American butternut and Japanese walnut Biol. Lett. 5:324-327.
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller Vascular plants of Illinois. 1955 (F IllJones)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Lyke, J. Appendix D. Medicinal plants native to the United States: indicators of rarity and threat. 2001 (Med Pl Native US)
  • Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  • Manning, W. E. 1957. The genus Juglans in Mexico and Central America J. Arnold Arbor. 38:121-150.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McCleary, T. S. et al. 2009. Four cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) markers for the detection of the Juglans ailantifolia chloroplast in putatively native J. cinerea populations Molec. Ecol. Resources 9:525-527.
  • McCleary, T. S. et al. 2009. Four cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) markers for the detection of the Juglans ailantifolia chloroplast in putatively native J. cinerea populations Molec. Ecol. Resources 9:525-527.
  • McGranahan, G. & C. Leslie 2009. Breeding walnuts (Juglans regia) (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 249-273.
  • McGranahan, G. & C. Leslie 2009. Breeding walnuts (Juglans regia) (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 249-273.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Michler, C. H. et al. 2005. Improving disease resistance of butternut (Juglans cinerea), a threatened fine hardwood: a case for a single-tree selection through genetic improvement and deployment Tree Physiol. 26:121-128.
  • Mitchell, R. S., ed. A checklist of New York state plants. New York State Mus. Bull. 458. 1986 (L New York)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. 1949 (Rehder)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  • Ross-Davis, A. et al. 2008. Morphological and molecular methods to identify butternut (Juglans cinerea) and butternut hybrids: relevance to butternut conservation Tree Physiol. 28:1127-1133.
  • Smith, E. B. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. 1978 (L Arkansas)
  • Stanford, A. M. et al. 2000. Phylogeny and biogeography of Juglans (Juglandaceae) based on matK and ITS sequence data Amer. J. Bot. 87:872-882.
  • Stanford, A. M. et al. 2000. Phylogeny and biogeography of Juglans (Juglandaceae) based on matK and ITS sequence data Amer. J. Bot. 87:872-882.
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. 1979 (Atlas Penn)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Zhao, P. & K. E. Woeste 2011. DNA markers identify hybrids between butternut (Juglans cinerea L.) and Japanese walnut (Juglans ailantifolia Carr.) Tree Genet. Genomes 7:511-533.

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