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Taxon: Juglans nigra L.

 
Genus: Juglans
Section: Rhysocaryon
Family: Juglandaceae
Nomen number: 20762
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:997. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 15-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 80 (27 active, 8 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; shade/shelter
  • Human food:
  • Materials: beads; wood
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts (w.), Michigan (s.), New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont (w.), West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas (e. & c.), Minnesota (s.), Missouri, Nebraska (e.), Oklahoma, South Dakota (e.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (n.w.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana (n.), Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Browne, E. T. & R. Athey. 1992. Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist
  3. Clewell, A. F. 1985. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Duke, J. A. 1989. Handbook of Nuts CRC Press.
  6. Elias, T.S. 1980. The complete trees of North America: a field guide and natural history. 269. Note: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York.
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  9. Fernald, M. L. 1950. Gray's manual of botany, ed. 8.
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Juglans+nigra&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Grimshaw, J. M. 2003. Juglans, notes on the temperate species. Int. Dendrol. Soc. Year Book 107-130.
  13. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  14. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  15. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  16. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States
  19. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  20. Manning, W. E. 1957. The genus Juglans in Mexico and Central America. J. Arnold Arbor. 38:121-150.
  21. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  23. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  25. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  26. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas
  27. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  28. Pollegioni, P. et al. 2013. Barriers to interspecific hybridization between Juglans nigra L. and J. regia L. species. Tree Genet. Genomes 9:291-305.
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  30. Potter, D. et al. 2002. Defining the sources of Paradox: DNA sequence markers for North American walnut (Juglans L.) species and hybrids. Sci. Hort. 94:157-170.
  31. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  32. Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  33. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  34. Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  35. Smith, E. B. 1978. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas
  36. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). URL: http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_9.html target='_blank'
  37. Stanford, A. M. et al. 2000. Phylogeny and biogeography of Juglans (Juglandaceae) based on matK and ITS sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 87:872-882.
  38. Stone, D. E. et al. 2009. Natural history, distribution, phylogenetic relationships, and conservation of Central American black walnuts (Juglans sect. Rhysocaryon). J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 136:1-25.
  39. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  40. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  41. Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania.
  42. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Juglandaceae&GenusID=Juglans&SpeciesID=nigra target='_blank'
  43. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Juglans nigra L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?20762. Accessed 17 October 2019.