Taxon: Juglans nigra L.

 
Genus: Juglans
    Section: Rhysocaryon
Family: Juglandaceae
Nomen number: 20762
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:997. 1753
Name Verified on: 15-Jul-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 15-Jul-2010
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV)
Accessions: 80 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Eur Gard F)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide AH 519)
  • Human food: nut (fide T. S. Elias, Trees N. Amer. 269. 1980)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for English walnut (for some cultivars fide Dict Gard)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of black walnut (fide Genome Map Mol Breed 7:189-198. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of English walnut (based on natural hybrids with Juglans regia (male parent) fide Mol Breed 24:322, 333. 2009)
  • Materials: abrasive (fide GenomeMap MolecBreed 7:193. 2007)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_9.html,)
  • Materials: wood (fide AH 519)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Browne, E. T. & R. Athey Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. 1992 (L Kentucky)
  • Clewell, A. F. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida panhandle. 1985 (F FlaPan)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press. 1989 (Handb Nuts)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Elias, T.S. The complete trees of North America: a field guide and natural history. 1980 (Trees NAmer) 269.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Fernald, M. L. Gray's manual of botany, ed. 8. 1950 (Grays Man)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Grimshaw, J. M. 2003. Juglans, notes on the temperate species Int. Dendrol. Soc. Year Book 107-130.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Lyke, J. Appendix D. Medicinal plants native to the United States: indicators of rarity and threat. 2001 (Med Pl Native US)
  • Manning, W. E. 1957. The genus Juglans in Mexico and Central America J. Arnold Arbor. 38:121-150.
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGranahan, G. & C. Leslie 2009. Breeding walnuts (Juglans regia) (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 249-273.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Michler, C. H. et al. 2007. Chapter 6. Black Walnut (Genome Map Mol Breed) 7:189-198.
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Pollegioni, P. et al. 2009. Retrospective identification of hybridogenic walnut plants by SSR fingerprinting and parentage anlysis Molec. Breed. 24:321-335.
  • Pollegioni, P. et al. 2013. Barriers to interspecific hybridization between Juglans nigra L. and J. regia L. species Tree Genet. Genomes 9:291-305.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Potter, D. et al. 2002. Defining the sources of Paradox: DNA sequence markers for North American walnut (Juglans L.) species and hybrids Sci. Hort. 94:157-170.
  • Potter, D. et al. 2002. Defining the sources of Paradox: DNA sequence markers for North American walnut (Juglans L.) species and hybrids Sci. Hort. 94:157-170.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. 1949 (Rehder)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. 1969 (F NEng)
  • Smith, E. B. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. 1978 (L Arkansas)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Stanford, A. M. et al. 2000. Phylogeny and biogeography of Juglans (Juglandaceae) based on matK and ITS sequence data Amer. J. Bot. 87:872-882.
  • Stanford, A. M. et al. 2000. Phylogeny and biogeography of Juglans (Juglandaceae) based on matK and ITS sequence data Amer. J. Bot. 87:872-882.
  • Stone, D. E. et al. 2009. Natural history, distribution, phylogenetic relationships, and conservation of Central American black walnuts (Juglans sect. Rhysocaryon) J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 136:1-25.
  • Stone, D. E. et al. 2009. Natural history, distribution, phylogenetic relationships, and conservation of Central American black walnuts (Juglans sect. Rhysocaryon) J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 136:1-25.
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. 1979 (Atlas Penn)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Juglans nigra L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image