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Taxon: Juncus effusus L.

 
Genus: Juncus
Family: Juncaceae
Nomen number: 20791
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:326. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 21-Sep-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 49 (32 active, 14 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

  • soft rush  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • soft rush  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • jonc à lier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • jonc épars  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • jonc épars  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Flatterbinse  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • junco  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • juncus-macio  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • junquera  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • veketåg  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Rwanda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa [Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Gorno-Altay, Altay]
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Guizhou Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Heilongjiang Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Xizang Zizhiqu, Yunnan Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation, [Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia, Manitoba]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California, Nevada]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Durango, Sinaloa, Baja California (Norte)]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tabasco, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Ciudad de México]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Guadeloupe, Haiti
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Catamarca, Río Negro, Salta, Tucumán, Tierra del Fuego] Chile


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Balslev, H. 1996. Juncaceae. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 68:88.
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 54-55.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Dyer, R. A. et al., eds. 1963-. Flora of southern Africa.
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  12. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  13. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  14. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  15. Kirschner, J. 2002. Juncaceae 3: Juncus subg. Agathryon. Species Plantarum: Flora of the World. 8:88-94.
  16. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  17. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  18. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  20. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  23. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  24. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  25. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:324.
  26. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  27. Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i
  28. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  29. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  30. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.

Check other web resources for Juncus effusus L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?20791. Accessed 16 October 2019.