Taxon: Juncus effusus L.

 
Genus: Juncus
Family: Juncaceae
Nomen number: 20791
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:326. 1753
Name Verified on: 21-Sep-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM)
Accessions: 28 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
    • South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa - Cape Province, - Free State, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Transvaal
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Rwanda
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Anhui, - Fujian, - Gansu, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Guizhou, - Hebei, - Heilongjiang, - Henan, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Jiangsu, - Jilin, - Liaoning, - Shandong, - Sichuan, - Xizang, - Yunnan, - Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Gorno-Altay, - Altay
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - Oklahoma, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, - Durango, - Sinaloa
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - District of Columbia, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, - Chiapas, - Federal District, - Guanajuato, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Michoacan, - Morelos, - Oaxaca, - Puebla, - Tabasco, - Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, - Nevada
    • Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba, - British Columbia
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Guadeloupe; Haiti
    • Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Catamarca, - Rio Negro, - Salta, - Tierra del Fuego, - Tucuman; Chile
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Balslev, H. 1996. Juncaceae Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 68:88.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Dyer, R. A. et al., eds. Flora of southern Africa. 1963- (F SAfr)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kirschner, J. 2002. Juncaceae 3: Juncus subg. Agathryon (Species Plant) 8:88-94.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. 1996- (F GB Ire)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 1990 (F Hawaii)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Juncus effusus L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image