Taxon: Lactuca saligna L.

 
Genus: Lactuca
    Section: Lactuca
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Cichorioideae
      Tribe: Cichorieae
        Subtribe: Lactucinae
Nomen number: 21359
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:796. 1753
Name Verified on: 02-Oct-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Oct-2007
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 98 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: disease resistance for lettuce (for downy mildew resistance fide Theor Appl Genet 116:845-857. 2008)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of lettuce (fide Lindqvist, Hereditas 46:321. 1960; Amer J Bot 85:1528. 1998, for GP2)
  • Weed: (found in waste places fide F CalifJep)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Montenegro
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - Oklahoma, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Sonora
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, - Washington
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - District of Columbia, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Uruguay

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Feráková, V. 1977. The genus Lactuca in Europe 69-71.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
  • Jeuken, M. J. W. 2008. Efficient QTL detection for nonhost resistance in wild lettuce: backcross inbred lines versus F2 population Theor. Appl. Genet. 116:845-857.
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Koopman, W. J. M. et al. 1998. Phylogenetic relationships among Lactuca (Asteraceae) species and related genera based on ITS-1 DNA sequences Amer. J. Bot. 85:1517-1530.
  • Lebeda, A. et al. 2004. Geographical distribution of wild Lactuca species (Asteraceae, Lactuceae) Bot. Rev. (Lancaster) 70:328-356
  • Lindqvist, K. 1960. On the origin of cultivated lettuce Hereditas (Beijing) 46:319-350.
  • Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. 1988-1990 (F Saudi ed3)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Devender, T. R. et al. 2009. Sonora: non-native and invasive plants (Invasive Pl Move) 85-124.
  • van Treuren, R. et al. 2012. Genetic resources collections of leafy vegetables (lettuce, spinach, chicory, artichoke, asparagus, lamb's lettuce, rhubarb and rocket salad): composition and gaps Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:981-997.
  • Zdravkovic, J. et al. 2003. Possibilities of using wild lettuce forms originating from the spontaneous Yugoslav flora in the selection for virus diseases of Lactuca sativa L Acta Hort. 598:243-245.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Lactuca saligna L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image