Taxon: Laurus nobilis L.

Genus: Laurus
Family: Lauraceae
Nomen number: 21664
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:369. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 09-Oct-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-Oct-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (spice, safe fide Der Marderosian)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Eur Gard F; Krussmann)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Materials: lipids (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Cyprus ; Israel ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France

  • Naturalized



  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics. 1988 (Der Marderosian)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Laurus nobilis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Laurus nobilis cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.