Taxon: Aleurites moluccanus (L.) Willd.

 
Genus: Aleurites
Family: Euphorbiaceae
  Subfamily: Crotonoideae
      Tribe: Aleuritideae
        Subtribe: Aleuritinae
Nomen number: 2191
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 4(1):590. 1805 "moluccana"
Comment: a masculine genus according to Melbourne ICN Art. 62.4
Name Verified on: 28-Jan-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jan-2014
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 23 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Cornucopia; Pl Res SEAs 2:371. 1991)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide PROTA4U)
  • Environmental: revegetator (fide PROTA4U)
  • Human food: seeds (used to make palm sugar, fide Cornucopia)
  • Fuels: potential as petroleum substitute/alcohol (fide PloS One 4(4): e5261-4.)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_130.html,)
  • Materials: lipids (source of candelnut or lumbang oil with several applications fide Bot J Linn Soc 94:314. 1987)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann; Econ Pl Aust)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . exact native range obscure

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Assam, - Karnataka, - Kerala, - Maharashtra, - Orissa, - Tamil Nadu, - West Bengal; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Queensland

  • Naturalized:

    . widely natzd. in tropics

    Cultivated:

    . widely cult. in tropics

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Airy Shaw, H. K. 1975. The Euphorbiaceae of Borneo Kew Bull. add. ser., 4:29.
  • Airy Shaw, H. K. 1980. The Euphorbiaceae of New Guinea Kew Bull. add. ser., 35:596.
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore de la Nouvelle Caledonie et dependances. 1967- (F NCaled)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography. 2007 (Euphorb India)
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Buddenhagen, C. E. et al. 2009. Assessing biofuel crop invasiveness: A case study (PloS One) 4(4): e5261.
  • Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Robertson, S. A. Flowering plants of Seychelles. 1989 (L Seychelles)
  • Schultes, R. E. 1987. Members of Euphorbiaceae in primitive and advanced societies Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 94:80.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Stuppy, W. et al. 1999. Revision of the genera Aleurites, Reutealis and Vernicia (Euphorbiaceae) (Blumea) 44:80.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:371.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Aleurites moluccanus (L.) Willd. :

  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image