Taxon: Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit

 
Genus: Leucaena
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Mimosoideae
      Tribe: Mimoseae
Nomen number: 21959
Place of publication: Taxon 10:54. 1961
Name Verified on: 30-Oct-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Mar-1995
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 548 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: agroforestry (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:150. 1992)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Fuels: fuelwood (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_25.html,)
  • Materials: fiber (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:175. 1997, pulp for the manufacture of paper)
  • Materials: potential as tannin/dyestuff (fide Trop Leg)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Campeche, - Chiapas, - Oaxaca, - Quintana Roo, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
  • Southern America

    • Central America: Belize; Guatemala

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Equatorial Guinea; Sao Tome and Principe; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Mauritius; Reunion; Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh; Bhutan; India; Maldives; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: India - Andaman and Nicobar
    • Malesia: Philippines
    • Papuasia: Solomon Islands
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • : Europe
  • Northern America

    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Kiribati - Line Islands
    • Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Fiji; Kiribati - Gilbert Islands; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Samoa; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Southern America

    • Western South America: Ecuador - Galapagos Islands

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Abbiw, D. K. Useful plants of Ghana. 1990 (Use Pl Ghana)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. 1960- (F CambLVN)
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. 1976- (F Mascar)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Brewbaker, J. L. 1987. Species in the genus Leucaena Leucaena Res. Rep. 7(2):15.
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants (Pl Res SEAs) 11:175-180.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Hacker, J. B. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland. 1990 (Leg Queensl)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Hughes, C. 1998. Monograph of Leucaena (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae) Syst. Bot. Monogr. 55:107.
  • Hughes, C. E. 1998. Leucaena: a genetic resources handbook Trop. Forest. Pap. Commonw. Forest. Inst. 37:182.
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Isely, D. 1973. Leguminosae of the United States: I. Subfamily Mimosoideae Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(1):95.
  • Isely, D. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). 1998 (Leg US)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • Nasir, S. M. & M. Athar 1998. Fuelwood as an energy source (Phytologia) 85:106.
  • National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  • National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Shaw, E. A. & B. G. Schubert 1976. A reinterpretation of Leucaena and Lysiloma J. Arnold Arbor. 57:113.
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. 1970- (F Thailand)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:150.
  • Turner, B. L. The legumes of Texas. 1959 (Leg Tex)
  • Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. 1979 (Leg New Guinea)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zárate P., S. 1987. Taxonomic identity of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit with a new combination (Phytologia) 63:304-306.
  • Zárate P., S. 1994. Revisión del género Leucaena Benth. en México Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 65:124.
  • Zárate P., S. 1984. Taxonomic revision of the genus Leucaena from Mexico Bull. Groupe Int. Étude Mimosoideae 12:29.

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image