Taxon: Levisticum officinale W. D. J. Koch

Genus: Levisticum
Family: Apiaceae (alt.Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Nomen number: 22014
Place of publication: Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12:101, fig. 41. 1824 (Gen. pl. Umbell.)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Feb-2013
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Crops US; Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran

  • Naturalized


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Levisticum officinale W. D. J. Koch :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image