Taxon: Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande

Genus: Alliaria
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Thlaspideae
Nomen number: 2210
Place of publication: Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli 3:418. 1913
Name Verified on: 02-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Apr-2012
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 50 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide V. Dorofeev, pers. comm. 1996; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Weed CIBA; Castanea 63:68. 1998; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Xinjiang, - Xizang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • : Canada; United States
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina - Neuquen, - Rio Negro


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Al-Shehbaz, I. 2010. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas (Pl Invasion) 255-267.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Dorofeev, V. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Drayton, B. 2001. A new record for Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae) in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire (Rhodora) 103:323-325.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • McCarthy, B. C. & S. L. Hanson 1998. An assessment of the allelopathic potential of the invasive weed Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae) (Castanea) 63:68-73.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rollins, R. C. The Cruciferae of continental North America. 1993 (Cruc NAmer)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


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