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Taxon: Allium ampeloprasum L.

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Allium
Section: Allium
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2217
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:294. 1753, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) against the heterotypic synonym (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.4 & App. IV) Allium porrum L., nom. rej.
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Jul-2018
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 244 (220 active, 181 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt, Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.)

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, Italy
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New York (Suffock Co.), Ohio, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois (s.), Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  4. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  5. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:11.
  6. Brummitt, R. K. 1999. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 48 (Taxon) 48:362.
  7. Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. (Atlas Tenn)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. Illustrated flora of East Texas. 2006- (F E Tex)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. Figliuolo, G. & D. Di Stefano 2007. Is single bulb producing garlic Allium sativum or Allium ampeloprasum? Sci. Hort. 114:243-249.
  12. Figliuolo, G. et al. 2001. Genetic evaluation of cultivated garlic germplasm (Allium sativum L. and A. ampeloprasum L. (Euphytica) 325-334.
  13. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  15. Fritsch, R. M. & N. Friesen 2002. Chapter 1. Evolution, domestication and taxonomy (Allium Crop Sci) 9.
  16. Hanelt, P. 1996. (1258) Proposal to conserve the name Allium ampeloprasum against A. porrum (Liliaceae) (Taxon) 45:691.
  17. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 4:2263-2267.
  18. Havey, M. J. 1991. Phylogenetic relationships among cultivated Allium species from restriction enzyme analysis of the chloroplast genome Theor. Appl. Genet. 81:752-757.
  19. Ipek, M. et al. 2014. Testing the utility of matK and ITS DNA regions for discrimination of Allium species Turk. J. Bot. 38:203-212.
  20. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  21. Jones, R. L. Plant life of Kentucky: an illustrated guide to the vascular flora. (F Kentucky)
  22. Kik, C. 2002. Chapter 4. Exploitation of wild relatives for the breeding of cultivated Allium species (Allium Crop Sci) 89-91.
  23. Kik, C. et al. 1997. Mitochondrial DNA variation and crossability of leek (Allium porrum) and its wild relatives from the Allium ampeloprasum complex Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:465-471.
  24. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  25. Li, Q.-Q. et al. 2010. Phylogeny and biogeography of Allium (Amaryllidaceae: Allieae) based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast rps16 sequences, focusing on the inclusion of species endemic to China Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106:709-733.
  26. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  27. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  28. Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. (Mansfeld)
  29. Mathew, B. A review of Allium sect. Allium. 1996 (Rev sect Allium)
  30. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  31. Messiaen, C.-M. et al. 1993. Les Allium alimentaires reproduits par voie végétative 1-230.
  32. Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. 1978 (Atlas Ill)
  33. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  34. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  35. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  36. Ricroch, A. et al. 2005. Evolution of genome size across some cultivated Allium species (Genome) 48:511-520.
  37. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:62.
  38. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  39. Smith, E. B. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. 1978 (L Arkansas)
  40. Stearn, W. T. 1944. Notes on the genus Allium in the Old World (Herbertia) 11:11-34.
  41. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  42. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  43. Valdés, B. et al., eds. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. 2002 (L NMaroc)
  44. Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. (F S Mid Atl US)
  45. Yanagino, T. et al. 2003. Production and characterization of an interspecific hybrid between leek and garlic Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:1-5.

Check other web resources for Allium ampeloprasum L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?2217. Accessed 19 November 2018.