Taxon: Allium ampeloprasum L.

 
Genus: Allium
  Subgenus: Allium
    Section: Allium
Family: Amaryllidaceae
  Subfamily: Allioideae
      Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2217
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:294. 1753, nom. cons.
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) against the heterotypic synonym (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.4 & App. IV) Allium porrum L., nom. rej.
Name Verified on: 11-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-May-2013
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 245 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of leek (fide Allium Crop Sci 89. 2002)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of leek (fide Allium Crop Sci 89. 2002)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of garlic (fide Theor Appl Genet 107:4. 2003)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Ukraine
    • Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - New York, - Ohio, - West Virginia
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • Western Asia: Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • : Europe; Mexico; United States
    • Southeastern Europe: Greece; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • Northern America

    • : Europe; Mexico; United States
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Chile

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:11.
  • Brummitt, R. K. 1999. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 48 (Taxon) 48:362.
  • Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 1993-1997 (Atlas Tenn)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. Illustrated flora of East Texas. 2006- (F E Tex)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Figliuolo, G. & D. Di Stefano 2007. Is single bulb producing garlic Allium sativum or Allium ampeloprasum? Sci. Hort. 114:243-249.
  • Figliuolo, G. et al. 2001. Genetic evaluation of cultivated garlic germplasm (Allium sativum L. and A. ampeloprasum L. (Euphytica) 325-334.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & V. E. Tyler Tyler's honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies, ed. 4. 1999 (Tyler Herbal)
  • Fritsch, R. M. & N. Friesen 2002. Chapter 1. Evolution, domestication and taxonomy (Allium Crop Sci) 9.
  • Hanelt, P. 1996. (1258) Proposal to conserve the name Allium ampeloprasum against A. porrum (Liliaceae) (Taxon) 45:691.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency) 4:2263-2267.
  • Havey, M. J. 1991. Phylogenetic relationships among cultivated Allium species from restriction enzyme analysis of the chloroplast genome Theor. Appl. Genet. 81:752-757.
  • Havey, M. J. 1991. Phylogenetic relationships among cultivated Allium species from restriction enzyme analysis of the chloroplast genome Theor. Appl. Genet. 81:752-757.
  • Ipek, M. et al. 2014. Testing the utility of matK and ITS DNA regions for discrimination of Allium species Turk. J. Bot. 38:203-212.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Jones, R. L. Plant life of Kentucky: an illustrated guide to the vascular flora. 2005 (F Kentucky)
  • Kik, C. 2002. Chapter 4. Exploitation of wild relatives for the breeding of cultivated Allium species (Allium Crop Sci) 89-91.
  • Kik, C. et al. 1997. Mitochondrial DNA variation and crossability of leek (Allium porrum) and its wild relatives from the Allium ampeloprasum complex Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:465-471.
  • Kik, C. et al. 1997. Mitochondrial DNA variation and crossability of leek (Allium porrum) and its wild relatives from the Allium ampeloprasum complex Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:465-471.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Li, Q.-Q. et al. 2010. Phylogeny and biogeography of Allium (Amaryllidaceae: Allieae) based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast rps16 sequences, focusing on the inclusion of species endemic to China Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106:709-733.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. 1999 (F NE US)
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • Mathew, B. A review of Allium sect. Allium. 1996 (Rev sect Allium)
  • Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. 1977-1985 (F Cyprus)
  • Messiaen, C.-M. et al. 1993. Les Allium alimentaires reproduits par voie végétative 1-230.
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. 1978 (Atlas Ill)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Ricroch, A. et al. 2005. Evolution of genome size across some cultivated Allium species (Genome) 48:511-520.
  • Ricroch, A. et al. 2005. Evolution of genome size across some cultivated Allium species (Genome) 48:511-520.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:62.
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • Smith, E. B. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. 1978 (L Arkansas)
  • Stearn, W. T. 1944. Notes on the genus Allium in the Old World (Herbertia) 11:11-34.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Valdés, B. et al., eds. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. 2002 (L NMaroc)
  • Weakley, A. S. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states. 2011 (F S Mid Atl US)
  • Yanagino, T. et al. 2003. Production and characterization of an interspecific hybrid between leek and garlic Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:1-5.
  • Yanagino, T. et al. 2003. Production and characterization of an interspecific hybrid between leek and garlic Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:1-5.

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Allium ampeloprasum L. :