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Taxon: Allium ampeloprasum L.

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Allium
Section: Allium
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2217
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:294. 1753, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
Comment: conserved (nom. cons.) against the heterotypic synonym (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.4 & App. IV) Allium porrum L., nom. rej.
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 244 (220 active, 105 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt, Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, United Kingdom
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.)

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece, Italy
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New York (Suffock Co.), Ohio, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois (s.), Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  3. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  4. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:11.
  5. Brummitt, R. K. 1999. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 48. Taxon 48:362. Note: conservation proposal recommended
  6. Chester, E. W. et al. 1993-1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. 2006-. Illustrated flora of East Texas
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Figliuolo, G. & D. Di Stefano. 2007. Is single bulb producing garlic Allium sativum or Allium ampeloprasum?. Sci. Hort. 114:243-249.
  11. Figliuolo, G. et al. 2001. Genetic evaluation of cultivated garlic germplasm (Allium sativum L. and A. ampeloprasum L.. Euphytica 325-334. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  12. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  13. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Allium+ampeloprasum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  14. Fritsch, R. M. & N. Friesen. 2002. Chapter 1. Evolution, domestication and taxonomy. Allium crop science: recent advances CABI Publications. 9.
  15. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 4:2263-2267.
  16. Hanelt, P. 1996. (1258) Proposal to conserve the name Allium ampeloprasum against A. porrum (Liliaceae). Taxon 45:691.
  17. Havey, M. J. 1991. Phylogenetic relationships among cultivated Allium species from restriction enzyme analysis of the chloroplast genome. Theor. Appl. Genet. 81:752-757.
  18. Ipek, M. et al. 2014. Testing the utility of matK and ITS DNA regions for discrimination of Allium species. Turk. J. Bot. 38:203-212.
  19. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  20. Jones, R. L. 2005. Plant life of Kentucky: an illustrated guide to the vascular flora.
  21. Kik, C. et al. 1997. Mitochondrial DNA variation and crossability of leek (Allium porrum) and its wild relatives from the Allium ampeloprasum complex. Theor. Appl. Genet. 94:465-471.
  22. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  23. Li, Q.-Q. et al. 2010. Phylogeny and biogeography of Allium (Amaryllidaceae: Allieae) based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast rps16 sequences, focusing on the inclusion of species endemic to China. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 106:709-733.
  24. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  25. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  26. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  27. Mathew, B. 1996. A review of Allium sect. Allium
  28. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  29. Messiaen, C.-M. et al. 1993. Les Allium alimentaires reproduits par voie végétative. 1-230.
  30. Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd. 1978. Distribution of Illinois vascular plants
  31. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  32. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  33. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  34. Ricroch, A. et al. 2005. Evolution of genome size across some cultivated Allium species. Genome 48:511-520.
  35. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:62.
  36. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  37. Smith, E. B. 1978. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas
  38. Stearn, W. T. 1944. Notes on the genus Allium in the Old World. Herbertia 11:11-34.
  39. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  40. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  41. Valdés, B. et al., eds. 2002. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification
  42. Weakley, A. S. 2011. Flora of the southern and middle Atlantic states.
  43. Yanagino, T. et al. 2003. Production and characterization of an interspecific hybrid between leek and garlic. Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:1-5.
  44. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Allium ampeloprasum L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?2217. Accessed 20 November 2019.