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Taxon: Linum usitatissimum L.

 
Genus: Linum
Family: Linaceae
Subfamily: Linoideae
Nomen number: 22361
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:277. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3726 (2870 active, 2816 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (seed cakes & chaff) fodder
  • Food additives: stabilizer
  • Human food: seeds
  • Materials: lipids
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Linum_usitatissimum/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Allaby, R. G. et al. 2005. Evidence of the domestication history of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) from genetic diversity of the sad2 locus. Theor. Appl. Genet. 112:58-65.
  4. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 157.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Diederichsen, A. & K. Hammer. 1994. Variation of cultivated flax (Linum usitatissimum L. subsp.usitatissimum) and its wild progenitor pale flax (subsp.angustifolium (Huds.) Thell.). Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:253.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Linum+usitatissimum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Fu, Y.-B. & R. G. Allaby. 2010. Phylogenetic network of Linum species as revealed by non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 57:667-677.
  13. Fu, Y.-B. et al. 2011. Locus-specific view of flax domestication history. Ecol. Evol. 2:139-152. Note: Wiley Open Access.
  14. Fu, Y.-B. 2011. Genetic evidence for early flax domestication with capsular dehiscence. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 58:1119-1128.
  15. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  16. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  17. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  18. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  19. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  20. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  21. Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  23. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  24. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:105.
  25. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  27. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  28. Rogers, C. M. 1984. Linaceae. North American flora ser. 2, 12:7. Note: ser. 1, 1905-1957; ser. 2, 1954-1972
  29. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  30. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  31. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  32. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/linaceae/linum-usitatissimum/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  34. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Linum usitatissimum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?22361. Accessed 21 November 2019.