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Taxon: Linum usitatissimum L.

 
Genus: Linum
Family: Linaceae
Subfamily: Linoideae
Nomen number: 22361
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:277. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Apr-2004
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 3725 (2869 active, 2827 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (seed cakes & chaff); fodder
  • Food additives: stabilizer
  • Human food: seeds
  • Materials: lipids
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)

References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Allaby, R. G. et al. 2005. Evidence of the domestication history of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) from genetic diversity of the sad2 locus Theor. Appl. Genet. 112:58-65.
  5. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  8. Diederichsen, A. & K. Hammer 1994. Variation of cultivated flax (Linum usitatissimum L. subsp.usitatissimum) and its wild progenitor pale flax (subsp.angustifolium (Huds.) Thell.) Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 42:253.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Fu, Y.-B. 2011. Genetic evidence for early flax domestication with capsular dehiscence Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 58:1119-1128.
  13. Fu, Y.-B. & R. G. Allaby 2010. Phylogenetic network of Linum species as revealed by non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 57:667-677.
  14. Fu, Y.-B. et al. 2011. Locus-specific view of flax domestication history Ecol. Evol. 2:139-152.
  15. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  16. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  17. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  18. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  19. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  20. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  21. Magness, J. R. et al. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1. 1971 (Crops US)
  22. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  23. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  24. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:105.
  25. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  27. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  28. Rogers, C. M. 1984. Linaceae (N Amer fl) ser. 2, 12:7.
  29. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  30. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  31. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  32. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Linum usitatissimum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?22361. Accessed 15 December 2018.