Taxon: Liquidambar styraciflua L.

 
Genus: Liquidambar
Family: Altingiaceae
Nomen number: 22379
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:999. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 20-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Nov-2007
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavor fixative (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed14)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide AH 519)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Materials: gum/resin (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Materials: wood (timber, plywood, veneer fide AH 519)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Book; L. Bogle, pers. comm. 1996; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Missouri, Oklahoma
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz
  • Southern America

    • Central America: Belize ; El Salvador ; Guatemala ; Honduras ; Nicaragua

  • Cultivated


References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  • Bogle, L. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. 1978- (F Veracruz)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. 1971 (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn) 480.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. 1949 (Rehder)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 1968 (Dict Econ Pl)
  • World Agroforestry Centre, ICRAF-SEA AgroForestry Tree database (on-line resource). (AgroForest Tree)

Check other web resources for Liquidambar styraciflua L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Liquidambar styraciflua cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image