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Taxon: Lophophora williamsii (Lem. ex Salm-Dyck) J. M. Coult.

 
Genus: Lophophora
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Cactoideae
Tribe: Cacteae
Nomen number: 22667
Place of publication: Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3:131. 1894
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 16-Oct-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 5 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • cactus pudding  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • devil's-root  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • diabolic-root  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • divine cactus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • dry-whiskey  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • dumpling cactus  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • Indian-dope  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • mescal-button  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • mescal-buttons  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • turnip cactus  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • whiskey cactus  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • white-mule  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • peyote  (Source: World Econ Pl) - Spanish
  • peyotl  (Source: Cact Fam) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II:
  • Medicines:
  • Social: masticatory; religious/secular
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]


References:

  1. Anderson, E. F. 2001. The cactus family
  2. Backeberg, C. 1967. Die Cactaceae. 2896-2898.
  3. Backeberg, C. 1977. Das Kakteen Lexikon. 218.
  4. Benson, L. 1982. The cacti of the United States and Canada 948.
  5. Bravo-Hollis, H. & H. Sánchez-Mejorada. 1978. Las Cactáceas de México, vol. 1 - 1978, vols. 2,3 - 1991 376-384.
  6. CITES. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource).
  7. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  8. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  14. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  15. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  16. Zhong Guo & Hua Jing. 1993. China floral encyclopaedia.

Check other web resources for Lophophora williamsii (Lem. ex Salm-Dyck) J. M. Coult. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?22667. Accessed 9 December 2019.