Taxon: Lophophora williamsii (Lem. ex Salm-Dyck) J. M. Coult.

 
Genus: Lophophora
Family: Cactaceae
  Subfamily: Cactoideae
      Tribe: Cacteae
Nomen number: 22667
Place of publication: Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3:131. 1894
Name Verified on: 16-Oct-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • cactus pudding  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • devil's-root  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • diabolic-root  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • divine cactus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • dry-whiskey  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • dumpling cactus  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • Indian-dope  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • mescal-button  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • mescal-buttons  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • turnip cactus  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • whiskey cactus  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • white-mule  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • peyote  (Source: World Econ Pl) - Spanish
  • peyotl  (Source: Cact Fam) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II: ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Cact Fam; F NAmer)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Social: hallucinogen (fide Dict Econ Pl)
  • Social: masticatory (fide Dict Econ Pl)
  • Social: religious/secular (fide Dict Econ Pl)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Tamaulipas, - Zacatecas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

References:

  • Anderson, E. F. The cactus family. 2001 (Cact Fam)
  • Backeberg, C. 1967. Die Cactaceae 2896-2898.
  • Backeberg, C. 1977. Das Kakteen Lexikon 218.
  • Benson, L. The cacti of the United States and Canada. 1982 (Cact US Can) 948.
  • Bravo-Hollis, H. & H. Sánchez-Mejorada 1978. Las Cactáceas de México, vol. 1 - 1978, vols. 2,3 - 1991 (Cact Mex) 376-384.
  • CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Lyke, J. Appendix D. Medicinal plants native to the United States: indicators of rarity and threat. 2001 (Med Pl Native US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 1968 (Dict Econ Pl)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Zhong Guo & Hua Jing China floral encyclopaedia. 1993 (China FlEncy)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Lophophora williamsii (Lem. ex Salm-Dyck) J. M. Coult. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image