Taxon: Lycium barbarum L.

 
Genus: Lycium
Family: Solanaceae
  Subfamily: Solanoideae
      Tribe: Lycieae
Nomen number: 22939
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:192. 1753
Name Verified on: 30-Apr-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Dec-2001
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 9 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Handb Pl Breed Fruit 4:99. 2012)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury, as Lycium halimifolium)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Gansu, - Hebei, - Nei Monggol, - Ningxia, - Qinghai, - Shanxi, - Sichuan, - Xinjiang

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

    Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Amagase, H. & N. R. Farnsworth 2011. A review of botanical characteristics, phytochemistry, clinical relevance in efficacy and safety of Lycium barbarum fruit (Goji) Food Res. Int. 44:1702-1717.
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. Flora intramongolica. 1977- (F InnMong)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hummer, K. E. et al. 2012. Chapter 4. Emerging fruit crops (Handb Pl Breed Fruit) 4:129-135.
  • Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Medicinal plants in China: a selection of 150 commonly used species. WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series no. 2. 1989 (Med Pl China)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Potterat, O. 2009. Goji (Lycium barbarum and L. chinense): Phytochemistry, pharmacology and safety in the perspective of traditional uses and recent popularity Pl. Med. (Stuttgart) 76:7-19.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Willis, J. H. A handbook to plants in Victoria. 1970-1972 (F VictWillis)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Lycium barbarum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image