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Taxon: Lycium barbarum L.

 
Genus: Lycium
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Lycieae
Nomen number: 22939
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:192. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 30-Apr-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 9 (5 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Barbary matrimony-vine  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Chinese boxthorn  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • Chinese wolfberry  (Source: Pl Names) - English
  • Duke of Argyll's teaplant  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • Duke of Argyll's teatree  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • goji-berry  (Source: Pl Names) - English
  • Himalayan goji  (Source: Pl Names) - English
  • matrimony-vine  (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2) - English
  • Tibetan goji  (Source: Pl Names) - English
  • matrimonyvine   - English (Canada)
  • lyciet de Barbarie   - French (Canada)
  • Bocksdorn  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • bocktörne  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ning xia gou qi  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Handb Pl Breed Fruit 4:99. 2012)
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (as Lycium halimifolium)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Hebei Sheng (n.), Gansu Sheng, Shanxi Sheng (n.), Sichuan Sheng, Qinghai Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Ningxia Huizi Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (also cult.)


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Amagase, H. & N. R. Farnsworth. 2011. A review of botanical characteristics, phytochemistry, clinical relevance in efficacy and safety of Lycium barbarum fruit (Goji). Food Res. Int. 44:1702-1717.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 220.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  8. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Lycium+barbarum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977-. Flora intramongolica.
  11. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  12. Hummer, K. E. et al. 2012. Chapter 4. Emerging fruit crops. Handbook of plant breeding. Fruit breeding 4:129-135.
  13. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  15. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  17. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  21. Potterat, O. 2009. Goji (Lycium barbarum and L. chinense): Phytochemistry, pharmacology and safety in the perspective of traditional uses and recent popularity. Pl. Med. (Stuttgart) 76:7-19.
  22. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: mentions
  23. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  24. Willis, J. H. 1970-1972. A handbook to plants in Victoria.
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Lycium barbarum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?22939. Accessed 12 December 2019.