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Taxon: Lycium chinense Mill.

 
Genus: Lycium
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Lycieae
Nomen number: 22942
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Lycium no. 5. 1768
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 30-Apr-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (2 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Chinese boxthorn  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Chinese matrimony-vine  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Chinese teaplant  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • Chinese wolfberry  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • wolfberry  (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2) - English
  • lyciet de Chine  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chinesischer Bocksdorn  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • daun koki  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Indonesian
  • spina santa cinese  (Source: F Ital) - Italian
  • kuko  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • kaukichai  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Malay
  • bredbladigt bocktörne  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • gou qi  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • gugija  (Source: Kulturpflanze) - Transcribed Korean
  • gugijanamu  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control; ornamental
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Ency CNatIn; F ChinaEng)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F ChinaEng; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia (s.)
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Heilongjiang Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng (s.), Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Qinghai Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Ningxia Huizi Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Lycium+chinense&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  10. Hummer, K. E. et al. 2012. Chapter 4. Emerging fruit crops. Handbook of plant breeding. Fruit breeding 4:129-135.
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  13. Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  15. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  16. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  17. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2 358.
  18. Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975-1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  22. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:107.
  23. Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University. 1998. Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. URL: http://www.wpro.who.int/internet/files/pub/97/169.pdf target='_blank'
  24. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  25. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  26. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  27. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  28. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  29. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:197.
  30. Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  31. Tai Hyun Chung. 1965. Illustrated encyclopedia of fauna & flora of Korea, vol. 5, Tracheophyta.
  32. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  34. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Lycium chinense Mill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?22942. Accessed 17 July 2019.