Taxon: Malus pumila Mill.

 
Genus: Malus
    Section: Malus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Maleae
        Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 23261
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Malus no. 3. 1768
Comment: non Malus pumila auct. (= M. domestica Borkh.)
Name Verified on: 12-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Aug-2008
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN)
Accessions: 61 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apple (fide Pl Breed (NY) 124:197. 2005)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of apple (fide Pl Breed (NY) 113:156. 1994; J. Sauer, Historical geography of crop plants 110. 1993)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Europe

    • East Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Hungary; Slovakia
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Applequist, W. L. 2014. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 66 (Taxon) 63:1359.
  • Bell, R. L. & J. M. Leitão 2011. Chapter 1. Cydonia (Wild Crop Rel Tem Fr) 7.
  • Bell, R. L. & J. M. Leitão 2011. Chapter 1. Cydonia (Wild Crop Rel Tem Fr) 7.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Chauvet, M. 2008. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Duneman, F. et al. 1994. Genetic relationships in Malus evaluated by RAPD 'fingerprinting' of cultivars and wild species Pl. Breed. (New York) 113:150-159.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Forte, A. V. et al. 2002. Phylogeny of the Malus (apple tree) species, inferred from the morphological traits and molecular DNA analysis Russian J. Genet. 38:1357-1369.
  • Forte, A. V. et al. 2002. Phylogeny of the Malus (apple tree) species, inferred from the morphological traits and molecular DNA analysis Russian J. Genet. 38:1357-1369.
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Mabberley, D. J. et al. 2001. The name of the apple (Telopea) 9:421-430.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Oraguzie, N. C. et al. 2005. DNA fingerprinting of apple (Malus spp.) rootstocks using simple sequence repeats Pl. Breed. (New York) 124:197-202.
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Ponomarenko, V. V. 1975. What is Malus pumila Mill.? Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 60:1574-86.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Qian, G.-Z. et al. 2010. (1933) Proposal to conserve the name Malus domestica against M. pumila, M. communis, M. frutescens, and Pyrus dioica (Rosaceae) (Taxon) 59:650-652.
  • Sauer, J. D. Historical geography of crop plants. 1993 (Hist Geogr Crop Pl) 110.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Malus pumila Mill. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image