Taxon: Mandragora officinarum L.

Genus: Mandragora
Family: Solanaceae
  Subfamily: Solanoideae
Nomen number: 23342
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:181. 1753
Name Verified on: 11-May-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Dec-2006
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Zander ed13)
  • Medicines: source of scopolamine (fide Chem Amazon 8-18. 1995; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere


    . also cult.


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Cordell, G. A. 1995. Natural products as medicinal and biological agents (Chem Amazon) 8-18.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Ungricht, S. et al. 1998. A revision of the genus Mandragora (Solanaceae) Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. London, Bot. 28(1):30-33.
  • Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 1968 (Dict Econ Pl)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)


Check other web resources for Mandragora officinarum L. :


  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image