Taxon: Medicago lupulina L.

 
Genus: Medicago
    Section: Lupularia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 23613
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:779. 1753
Name Verified on: 08-Jun-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Mar-2004
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 366 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: revegetator (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Dict Gard)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Lesins & Lesins, Genus Medicago 70. 1979)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Korea; Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Bihar, - Gujarat, - Haryana, - Himachal Pradesh, - Jammu and Kashmir, - Madhya Pradesh, - Punjab, - Rajasthan, - Uttar Pradesh, - West Bengal, - Delhi; Nepal; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; United States
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Ecuador; Peru

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

    Adventive:

  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
  • Southern America

    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. 1976- (F Libya)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. 1979 (L Macar ed2)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. 1941 (Leg ErWild)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. 1993 (L Macar ed4)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. 1987 (Leg Taiwan)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS Plantae asiae centralis. 1963- (F CAsia)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Isely, D. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii). 1998 (Leg US)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. 1979 (F Manshur)
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  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
  • Lesins, K. A. & I. Lesins 1979. Genus Medicago (Leguminosae). A taxogenetic study. 1979 (Gen Medicago) 67.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
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  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
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  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
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  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • Small, E. 1981. A numerical analysis of major groupings in Medicago employing traditionally used characters Canad. J. Bot. 59:1555.
  • Small, E. 2012. Review of Fabaceae Trifolieae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.)
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  • Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago Canad. J. Bot. 59:1580.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
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  • Thulin, M. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223. 1983 (Leg Ethiop)
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  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
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  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the flora of Yemen. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yakovlev, G. P. et al. Legumes of Northern Eurasia. 1996 (Leg NEurasia)
  • Zhu, X. Y. et al. Legumes of China: a checklist. 2007 (Leg China)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Medicago lupulina L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image