Taxon: Medicago truncatula Gaertn.

 
Genus: Medicago
Section: Spirocarpos
Subsection: Pachyspireae
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 23705
Place of publication: Fruct. sem. pl. 2:350, t. 155, fig. 7. 1791
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 11-Jun-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Oct-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 406 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Trop Leg; Cover Crop Database)
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in alfalfa (fide Agron Monog 29:119. 1988)
  • Gene sources: research in plant biology (fide Genet Research 89:108. 2009)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Can J Bot 67:3270. 1989)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey (w. & s.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (c.), Uruguay (s. & w.)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  3. Badri, M. et al. 2007. Quantitative and molecular genetic variation in sympatric populations of Medicago laciniata and M. truncatula (Fabaceae):relationships with eco-geographical factors Genet. Res. 89:107-122.
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  6. Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. (L Macar ed2)
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  8. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  9. Hacker, J. B. A guide to herbaceous and shrub legumes of Queensland. 1990 (Leg Queensl)
  10. Heyn, C. C. 1963. The annual species of Medicago Scripta Hierosolymitana 12:95.
  11. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  12. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  13. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  14. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  15. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  16. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  17. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  18. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  19. Lesins, K. A. & I. Lesins 1979. Genus Medicago (Leguminosae). A taxogenetic study. 1979 (Gen Medicago) 166.
  20. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  21. National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  22. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  24. Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  25. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  26. Quiros, C. F. & G. R. Bauchan 1988. The genus Medicago and the origin of the Medicago sativa complex. In A. A. Hanson et al., eds., Alfalfa and alfalfa improvement Agronomy 29:93-124.
  27. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  28. Sales, F. & I. C. Hedge 1994. Medicago L. (Leguminosae): typification and nomenclature Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 51:323.
  29. Small, E. 1981. A numerical analysis of major groupings in Medicago employing traditionally used characters Canad. J. Bot. 59:1555.
  30. Small, E. & M. Jomphe 1989. A synopsis of the genus Medicago (Leguminosae) Canad. J. Bot. 32:3270.
  31. Small, E. et al. 1981. The taxonomic value of floral characters in tribe Trigonelleae (Leguminosae), with special reference to Medicago Canad. J. Bot. 59:1581.
  32. Small, E. et al. 1991. Medicago truncatula f. laxicycla (Leguminosae), a new taxon with loose fruit coiling promoting rapid germination of the fruit-retained seeds Pl. Syst. Evol. 174:37-46.
  33. Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. (L Spain)
  34. Täckholm, V. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2. (SF Egypt)
  35. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  36. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  37. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  38. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. Legumes of Northern Eurasia. 1996 (Leg NEurasia)
  39. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)
  40. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Medicago truncatula Gaertn. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?23705. Accessed 25 April 2018.