Taxon: Melia azedarach L.

 
Genus: Melia
Family: Meliaceae
Nomen number: 23936
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:384. 1753
Name Verified on: 12-Jan-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 03-Feb-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 16 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed14; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_41.html,)
  • Materials: wood (for the manufacture of fiber boards fide F Neotrop 28:24. 198)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce, as M. toosendan; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: potential for plant pest control (fide Pl Res SEAs 11:188, 190. 1997)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.; Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Anhui, - Fujian, - Gansu, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Guizhou, - Hainan, - Hebei, - Henan, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Jiangsu, - Jiangxi, - Shaanxi, - Shandong, - Shanxi, - Sichuan, - Xizang, - Yunnan, - Zhejiang
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Laos; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Lesser Sunda Islands, - Irian Jaya; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland, - Western Australia, - Northern Territory
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Solomon Islands

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • : Africa; Mexico; United States
    • Macaronesia: Spain - Canary Islands
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Kyushu, - Ryukyu Islands, - Shikoku
    • Western Asia: Cyprus
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • Northern America

    • : Africa; Mexico; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia; Pitcairn
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Solomon Islands; Tonga
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala; Nicaragua
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Ecuador, - Galapagos Islands; Peru

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Chen Fenghwai & Wu Telin Flora of Guangdong. 1991- (F Guangdong)
  • Chopra, D. & D. Simon The Chopra Center herbal handbook: forty natural prescriptions for perfect health. 2000 (Chopra Herbal)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants (Pl Res SEAs) 11:187-190.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. 1990 (L Aust)
  • Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. 2008 (L Venez ed2)
  • Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Medicinal plants in China: a selection of 150 commonly used species. WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series no. 2. 1989 (Med Pl China)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Jiangsu Institute of Botany Flora of Jiangsu. 1982 (F Jiangsu)
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:110.
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Pennington, T. D. 1981. Meliaceae Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 28:24.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). 2001 (F Nicaragua)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

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