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Taxon: Mentha ×piperita L.

 
Genus: Mentha
Section: Mentha
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Mentheae
Subtribe: Menthinae
Nomen number: 24078
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:576. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358597
Comment: [= Mentha aquatica × M. spicata]
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 02-Dec-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 48 (48 active, 11 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • black peppermint  (Source: Gen Mentha) - English
  • curly mint  (Source: Gen Mentha) - English
  • hairy peppermint  (Source: Gen Mentha) - English
  • peppermint  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • white peppermint  (Source: Gen Mentha) - English
  • pepper mint   - English (Canada)
  • menthe poivrée  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • menthe poivrée   - French (Canada)
  • Pfefferminze  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • weiße Minze  (Source: Mansf Ency) - German
  • hortelã-pimenta  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • menta piperita  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • pepparmynta  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • mjata perečnaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (as flavor agent)
  • Human food:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part (s.)]
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Gorno-Altay, Kemerovo]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia (s.e.)
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1962. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. 6:342-344.
  4. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  5. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 216.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  10. Fennane, M. et al., eds. 1999-. Flore pratique du Maroc.
  11. Gobert, V. et al. 2006. Heterogeneity of three molecular data partition phylogenies of mints related to M. × piperita (Mentha; Lamiaceae). Pl. Biol. 8:470-485.
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  13. Harley, R. M. & C. A. Brighton. 1977. Chromosome numbers in the genus Mentha L.. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 74:71-96. Note: glabrous variants are used for commercial use; chromosome counts of wild, cultivated and synthesized individuals were 2n=72, and all sterile
  14. Harley, R. M. 1975. Mentha L.. Hybridization and the flora of the British Isles. 387.
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  16. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  17. Kumar, P. et al. 2011. Insecticidal properties of Mentha species: A review. Industr. Crops Prod. 34:802-817. Note: recognized as a sterile hybrid, propagated by stolons; together with Mentha spicata are "the most common and popular mints"
  18. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  19. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  20. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  23. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  24. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  25. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  26. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  27. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  28. Small, E. 1997. Culinary herbs. Note: NRC Research Press, Ottawa
  29. Tucker, A. O. & R. F. C. Naczi. 2007. Mentha: an overview of its classification and relationships. Mint: the genus Mentha 31-32. Note: as a "extremely sterile", only clonally propagated
  30. Tucker, A. O. et al. 1980. The Linnaean types of Mentha (Lamiaceae). Taxon 29:235.
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  32. University of Texas Herbarium. 2000-. The mints of Texas (on-line resource)
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  34. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Mentha ×piperita L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?24078. Accessed 25 August 2019.