Taxon: Mentha spicata L.

 
Genus: Mentha
    Section: Mentha
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
  Subfamily: Nepetoideae
      Tribe: Mentheae
Nomen number: 24082
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:576. 1753
Comment: probably originated from allopolyploidy
Name Verified on: 20-Sep-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Jan-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 94 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Japanese corn mint (as 2n=48 fide Amer J Bot 89:2018. 2002)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of peppermint (fide Gen Mentha 1:31. 2007)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Scottisch spearmint (as 2n=36 or 48 fide Amer J Bot 89:2018. 2002)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of apple mint (based on natural hybrids with Mentha suaveolens fide Biol Conserv 137:250. 2007)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of bergamot mint (based on known hybrids with Mentha aquatica fide Amer J Bot 89:2018. 2002)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of corn mint (based on hybrids with Mentha arvensis fide Theor Appl Genet 102:471-476. 2001)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peppermint (based on "a cross between a male sterile genotype (2n=72) of M. spicata and a male fertile genotype (2n=120) of M. piperita" fide Cytologia 54:355. 1989)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide Adv Lab Sci 400. 1992)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Middle Asia: Turkmenistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Irkutsk
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Southern South America: Argentina

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • : Africa; Canada; Europe; United States
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • : Africa; Canada; Europe; United States
    • East Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part
  • Northern America

    • : Africa; Canada; Europe; United States
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: West Indies

References:

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Check other web resources for Mentha spicata L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image