Taxon: Mentha spicata L.

 
Genus: Mentha
Section: Mentha
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Mentheae
Subtribe: Menthinae
Nomen number: 24082
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:576. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: probably originated from allopolyploidy
Typification:
Name Verified on: 20-Sep-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Jan-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 94 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of spearmint ()
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Japanese corn mint (as 2n=48 fide Amer J Bot 89:2018. 2002)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of peppermint (fide Gen Mentha 1:31. 2007)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Scottisch spearmint (as 2n=36 or 48 fide Amer J Bot 89:2018. 2002)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of apple mint (based on natural hybrids with Mentha suaveolens fide Biol Conserv 137:250. 2007)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of bergamot mint (based on known hybrids with Mentha aquatica fide Amer J Bot 89:2018. 2002)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of corn mint (based on hybrids with Mentha arvensis fide Theor Appl Genet 102:471-476. 2001)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peppermint (based on "a cross between a male sterile genotype (2n=72) of M. spicata and a male fertile genotype (2n=120) of M. piperita" fide Cytologia 54:355. 1989)
  • Materials: essential oils ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey (w.)

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (s. & Sardinia, Sicily)


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Turkey
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part]
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Irkutsk]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (s.)
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  3. Bleeker, W. et al. 2007. Interspecific hybridisation between alien and native plant species in Germany and its consequences for native biodiversity Biol. Conservation 137:248-253.
  4. Bunsawat, J. et al. 2004. Phylogenetics of Mentha (Lamiaceae): evidence from chloroplast DNA sequences Syst. Bot. 29:959-964.
  5. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. (F Iberica)
  6. Chen, X.-H. et al. 2012. Chloroplast DNA molecular characterization and leaf volatiles analysis of mint (Mentha; Lamiaceae) populations in China Industr. Crops Prod. 37:270-274.
  7. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. De Mattia, F. et al. 2011. A comparative study of different DNA barcoding markers for the identification of some members of Lamiacaea Food Res. Int. 44:693-702.
  10. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  11. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  12. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
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  14. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  15. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  16. Gobert, V. et al. 2006. Heterogeneity of three molecular data partition phylogenies of mints related to M. × piperita (Mentha; Lamiaceae) Pl. Biol. 8:470-485.
  17. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  18. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  19. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  20. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  21. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  22. Harley, R. M. in P. H. Davis 1980. Materials for a flora of Turkey: 37. Labiatae, Plumbaginaceae, Plantaginaceae Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38:38.
  23. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  24. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  25. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  26. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  27. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  28. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  29. Krasnyanski, S. et al. 1998. Somatic hybridization in mint: identification and characterization of Mentha piperita (+) M. spicata hybrid plants Theor. Appl. Genet. 96:683-687.
  30. Lawrence, B. M. 1992. Chemical components of Labiatae oils and their exploitation (Adv Lab Sci) 400.
  31. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  32. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  33. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  34. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  35. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  36. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  37. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  38. Patra, N. K. et al. 2001. A unique interspecific hybrid spearmint clone with growth properties of Mentha arvensis L. and oil qualities of Mentha spicata L. Theor. Appl. Genet. 102:471-476.
  39. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  40. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  41. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  42. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  43. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  44. Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. (F GB Ire)
  45. Tucker, A. O. et al. 1980. The Linnaean types of Mentha (Lamiaceae) (Taxon) 29:234.
  46. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  47. Tyagi, B. R. & T. Ahmad 1989. Chromosome number variation in and F1 interspecific hybrid progeny of Mentha (Lamiaceae) (Cytologia) 54:355-358.
  48. University of Texas Herbarium The mints of Texas (on-line resource). 2000- (Mints Texas)
  49. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Mentha spicata L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?24082. Accessed 24 May 2018.