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Taxon: Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng.

 
Genus: Allium
Subgenus: Butomissa
Section: Butomissa
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Tribe: Allieae
Nomen number: 2409
Place of publication: Syst. veg. 2:38. 1825
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 16-Jan-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 17 (13 active, 11 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Chinese chives  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Chinese leek  (Source: Cornucopia) - English
  • garlic chives  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Oriental garlic  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • ciboulette chinoise  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chinesischer Schnittlauch  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Schnittknoblauch  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • nira  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • cive chino  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • jiu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Food additives: flavoring
  • Human food:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Shanxi Sheng (s.w.)]


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Nepal
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, West Indies


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (s.)


References:

  1. Blattner, F. R. & N. Friesen. 2006. Chapter 10. Relationships between Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum) and its putative progenitor A. ramosum as assessed by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Documenting domestication. New genetic and archaeological paradigms 134-142. Note: University California Press
  2. Brewster, J. L. 1994. Onions and other vegetable alliums. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 3:15.
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  4. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  6. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Allium+tuberosum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 Note: = Allium ramosum L.
  10. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Kamentsky, R. & H. D. Rabinowitch. 2006. The genus Allium: A developmental and horticultural analysis. Hort. Rev. 32:329-378.
  13. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  15. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
  16. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  18. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  19. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  20. Oyuntsetseg, B. et al. 2012. Diploid Allium ramosum from East Mongolia: a missing link for the origin of the crop species A. tuberosum?. Erforsch. Biol. Ressourcen Mongolei 12:415-424.
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  24. Saghir, A. R. B. et al. 1966. Composition of volatiles in relation to taxonomy of American alliums. Amer. J. Bot. 53:477.
  25. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:80-82.
  26. Stearn, W. T. 1946. Nomenclature and synonymy of Allium odorum and A. tuberosum. Herbertia 11:227-245.
  27. Still, S. M. 1994. Manual of herbaceous ornamental plants, ed. 4
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?2409. Accessed 23 July 2019.