Taxon: Mercurialis annua L.

Genus: Mercurialis
Family: Euphorbiaceae
  Subfamily: Acalyphoideae
      Tribe: Acalypheae
        Subtribe: Mercurialinae
Nomen number: 24100
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1035. 1753
Name Verified on: 09-May-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Apr-2000
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Weed TabCIBA. 1968)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Italy; Romania
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Govaerts, R. et al. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae. 2000 (L Euphorb)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Radcliffe-Smith, A. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). 2005 (L Azores)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Mercurialis annua L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image