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Taxon: Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.

 
Genus: Mesembryanthemum
Family: Aizoaceae
Subfamily: Mesembryanthemoideae
Nomen number: 24132
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:480. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 16-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Human food:
  • Medicines:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • MIDDLE ATLANTIC OCEAN: St. Helena
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mauritania
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola (s.w.)
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Namibia, South Africa [Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Western Cape]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Egypt, [Sinai] Israel

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia (s.w.), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (s.e. & Corsica), Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt (n.)

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia (s.)

    Europe
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Pennsylvania]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, Peru [Arequipa]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Chubut, Río Negro] Chile


    Uncertain

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece (incl. Crete)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Beetle, A. A. 1970. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  5. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  11. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  13. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  14. Hartmann, H. E. K., ed. 2001. Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Aizoaceae A-E & Aizoaceae F-Z F-Z:148.
  15. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  16. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  17. Jacobsen, H. J. 1981. Das Sukkulentenlexicon, ed. 2. 500.
  18. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  19. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  20. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  21. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  22. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  23. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  24. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  25. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  26. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  28. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  29. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  30. Wiggins, I. L. 1980. Flora of Baja California. Note: introduced
  31. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  32. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.

Check other web resources for Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?24132. Accessed 22 July 2019.