Taxon: Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.

Genus: Mesembryanthemum
Family: Aizoaceae
  Subfamily: Mesembryanthemoideae
Nomen number: 24132
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:480. 1753
Name Verified on: 16-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Nov-2010
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Food Feed Crops US; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F NAmer)
  • Weed: (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Greece

  • Native:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Middle Atlantic Ocean: St. Helena
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola
    • Southern Africa: Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, - Northern Cape, - Western Cape
    • West Tropical Africa: Mauritania
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Egypt - Sinai; Israel
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal
  • Northern America

    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Pennsylvania
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja California
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina - Chubut, - Rio Negro; Chile
    • Western South America: Ecuador; Peru - Arequipa

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Beetle, A. A. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31. 1970 (Names Beetle)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas (Pl Invasion) 255-267.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. 1979 (L Macar ed2)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
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  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Hartmann, H. E. K., ed. Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Aizoaceae A-E & Aizoaceae F-Z. 2001 (Ill Hdb Succ Pl Aizo) F-Z:148.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. 2008 (F ConoSur)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Jacobsen, H. J. 1981. Das Sukkulentenlexicon, ed. 2 500.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
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  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
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  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)


Check other web resources for Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.