Taxon: Momordica charantia L.

Genus: Momordica
Family: Cucurbitaceae
      Tribe: Momordiceae
Nomen number: 24520
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1009. 1753
Name Verified on: 28-May-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Jan-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 103 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide WorldWeeds 478. 1997)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide WorldWeeds 478. 1997)
  • Human food: vegetable (fruits eaten or pickled when young fide Biol Cucurb 329. 1990; Hamdard 38:93. 1995)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):357. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Hamdard 38:93. 1995)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Liberia; Mali; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Queensland
  • Pacific

    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Florida, - Louisiana
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Kitts and Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent and Grenadines; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Paraguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.


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Check other web resources for Momordica charantia L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image