Taxon: Monarda didyma L.

Genus: Monarda
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
  Subfamily: Nepetoideae
      Tribe: Mentheae
Nomen number: 24535
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:22. 1753
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Georgia, - Kentucky, - North Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia

  • Naturalized:

  • Northern America

    • : North America

  • Cultivated:

  • Northern America

    • : North America


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Browne, E. T. & R. Athey Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. 1992 (L Kentucky)
  • Chester, E. W. et al. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. 1993-1997 (Atlas Tenn)
  • Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. 1940 (F Indiana)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist. 1981 (L Georgia)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. 1967- (F Ohio)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. 1969 (F NEng)
  • Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2. 1978 (F WVa)
  • Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. 1979 (Atlas Penn)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Monarda didyma L. :