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Taxon: Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill.

Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Rosoideae
Tribe: Potentilleae
Subtribe: Fragariinae
Nomen number: 246
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Fragaria no. 4. 1768 (A. N. Duchesne, Hist. nat. frais. 165. 1766, as "races principales")
Link to protologue:
Comment: Duchesne's (1766) usage of binary names for "races principales" do not qualify as species names
Name Verified on: 24-Mar-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 13 (13 active, 11 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • beach strawberry  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Chilean strawberry  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Chiloe strawberry  (Source: Zander ed16) - English
  • chilère  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • fraisier du Chili  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Chileerdbeere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • moranguiero-do-Chile  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • fresa chilena  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • frutilla  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit;

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: United States [Alaska (s. (coastal))]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [British Columbia (coastal)]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon (coastal), Washington (coastal)]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California (coastal)]

    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (s.), Chile (s.)


    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina (w.?), Chile


  1. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: lists as Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne
  2. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  3. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  4. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Fragaria+chiloensis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  5. Govindarajulu, R. et al. 2015. Comparison of nuclear, plastid, and mitochondrial phylogenies and the origin of wild octoploid strawberry species. Amer. J. Bot. 102:544-554.
  6. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2004. Taxonomic variation among North and South American subspecies of Fragaria virginiana Miller and Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Miller. Canad. J. Bot. 82:1632-1644. Note: this study using statistical anlysis of morphological features of the wild octoploid species finds support for the recognition of Fragaria chiloensis & F. virginiana at the species level, but not for any of their infraspecific taxa
  7. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. Note: lists as Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne
  8. Hokanson, K. E. et al. 2006. Relationships among subspecies of New World octoploid strawberry species, Fragaria virginiana and Fragaria chiloensis, based on simple sequence repeat marker analysis. Canad. J. Bot. 84:1829-1841.
  9. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  10. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  11. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: lists as Fragaria chiloensis Duchesne
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: lists as Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne
  13. Mabberley, D. J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) reunited. Telopea 9:797. Note: = Potentilla chiloensis (L.) Mabb.
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  15. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora. Note: lists as Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne
  16. Njuguna, W. et al. 2013. Insights into phylogeny, sex function and age of Fragaria based on whole chloroplast genome sequencing. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 66:17-29.
  17. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  19. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  20. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. Note: lists as Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Dcne.
  21. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands Note: lists as Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne
  22. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala. Note: lists as Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne
  23. Staudt, G. 1962. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria. Typification of Fragaria species known at the time of Linnaeus. Canad. J. Bot. 40:881. Note: lists as Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne
  24. Staudt, G. 1989. The species of Fragaria, their taxonomy and geographical distribution. Acta Hort. 265:29.
  25. Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:100.
  26. Staudt, G. 2009. Strawberry biogeography, genetics and systematics. Acta Hort. 842:71-83.
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: mentions; lists as Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne
  28. Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i Note: lists as Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne

Check other web resources for Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?246. Accessed 17 September 2019.