Taxon: Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill.

 
Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Rosoideae
      Tribe: Potentilleae
        Subtribe: Fragariinae
Nomen number: 246
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Fragaria no. 4. 1768 (A. N. Duchesne, Hist. nat. frais. 165. 1766, as "races principales")
Comment: Duchesne's (1766) usage of binary names for "races principales" do not qualify as species names
Name Verified on: 24-Mar-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-Mar-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 18 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • beach strawberry  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Chilean strawberry  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Chiloe strawberry  (Source: Zander ed16) - English
  • chilère  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • fraisier du Chili  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Chileerdbeere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • moranguiero-do-Chile  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • fresa chilena  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • frutilla  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of strawberry (fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 131:506. 2006; Acta Hort 265:32. 1989, as octoploid, 2n=56)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of strawberry (fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 131:506-512. 2006; Acta Hort 265:32. 1989, as octoploid, 2n=56)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, - Washington
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    • Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - British Columbia
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

  • Cultivated:

  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru

References:

  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Davis, T. M. et al. 2006. Assessment of SSR marker transfer from the cultivated strawberry to diploid strawberry species: functionality, linkage group assignment, and use in diversity analysis J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 131:506-512.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Govindarajulu, R. et al. 2015. Comparison of nuclear, plastid, and mitochondrial phylogenies and the origin of wild octoploid strawberry species Amer. J. Bot. 104: doi: 10.3732/ajb.1500026
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2004. Taxonomic variation among North and South American subspecies of Fragaria virginiana Miller and Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Miller Canad. J. Bot. 82:1632-1644.
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2004. Taxonomic variation among North and South American subspecies of Fragaria virginiana Miller and Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Miller Canad. J. Bot. 82:1632-1644.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Hokanson, K. E. et al. 2006. Relationships among subspecies of New World octoploid strawberry species, Fragaria virginiana and Fragaria chiloensis, based on simple sequence repeat marker analysis Canad. J. Bot. 84:1829-1841.
  • Hokanson, K. E. et al. 2006. Relationships among subspecies of New World octoploid strawberry species, Fragaria virginiana and Fragaria chiloensis, based on simple sequence repeat marker analysis Canad. J. Bot. 84:1829-1841.
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) reunited (Telopea) 9:797.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. 1959 (F CalifMunz)
  • Njuguna, W. et al. 2013. Insights into phylogeny, sex function and age of Fragaria based on whole chloroplast genome sequencing Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 66:17-29.
  • Njuguna, W. et al. 2013. Insights into phylogeny, sex function and age of Fragaria based on whole chloroplast genome sequencing Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 66:17-29.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Potter, D. et al. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Fragaria (Rosaceae) inferred from non-coding nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequences Syst. Bot. 25:337-348.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Staudt, G. 1989. The species of Fragaria, their taxonomy and geographical distribution Acta Hort. 265:29.
  • Staudt, G. 2009. Strawberry biogeography, genetics and systematics Acta Hort. 842:71-83.
  • Staudt, G. 2009. Strawberry biogeography, genetics and systematics Acta Hort. 842:71-83.
  • Staudt, G. 1962. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria. Typification of Fragaria species known at the time of Linnaeus Canad. J. Bot. 40:881.
  • Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae) Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:100.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 1990 (F Hawaii)

Check other web resources for Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image