Taxon: Myrica gale L.

Genus: Myrica
Family: Myricaceae
Nomen number: 24842
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1024. 1753
Name Verified on: 21-Jul-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jul-1995
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (beverage fide Econ Bot 50:122. 1996)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann)
  • Materials: potential as essential oils (fide Econ Bot 50:122-129. 1996)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: potential for disease vector control (fide Econ Bot 50:122. 1996)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu; Korea, North
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Khabarovsk, - Primorye, - Kamchatka, - Sakhalin
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part
    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Germany; Netherlands; Poland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Minnesota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, - Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - North Carolina
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Garibaldi, A. Medicinal flora of the Alaska natives: a compilation of knowledge from literary sources of Aleut, Alutiiq, Athabascan, Eyak, Haida, Inupiat, Tlingit, Tsimshian traditional healing methods using plants. 1999 (Med F AlaskaNat)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Hultén, O. E. G. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories. 1968 (F AlaskaHult)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. 1969 (F NEng)
  • Simpson, M. J. A. et al. 1996. Past, present and future utilisation of Myrica gale (Myricaceae) Econ. Bot. 50:122-129.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. 1972- (F Mich)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wilbur, R. L. 1994. The Myricaceae of the United States and Canada: genera, subgenera, and series (Sida) 16:104.


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