Taxon: Myrica gale L.

Genus: Myrica
Family: Myricaceae
Nomen number: 24842
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1024. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 21-Jul-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jul-1995
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (beverage fide Econ Bot 50:122. 1996)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann)
  • Materials: potential as essential oils (fide Econ Bot 50:122-129. 1996)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: potential for disease vector control (fide Econ Bot 50:122. 1996)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan Hokkaido, Honshu; Korea, North
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Primorye, Sakhalin
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Russian Federation-European part European part
    • Middle Europe: Belgium ; Germany ; Netherlands ; Poland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Ireland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Minnesota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Oregon, Washington
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States North Carolina
    • Subarctic America: Canada Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  • Hultén, O. E. G. Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories. (F AlaskaHult)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  • Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  • Simpson, M. J. A. et al. 1996. Past, present and future utilisation of Myrica gale (Myricaceae) Econ. Bot. 50:122-129.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  • Wilbur, R. L. 1994. The Myricaceae of the United States and Canada: genera, subgenera, and series (Sida) 16:104.


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