Taxon: Nymphaea caerulea Savigny

Genus: Nymphaea
  Subgenus: Brachyceras
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Nomen number: 25433
Place of publication: Décade Egypt. 1:71(-74). 1798 (Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 1:366, t.25. 1802)
  • • non Nymphaea caerulea auct. W. Afr. (= N. guineensis Schumach.)
  • • relationship to Asian N. nouchali needs further study
Name Verified on: 13-Dec-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • blue Egyptian lotus  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • blue lotus  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Egyptian lotus  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • bashneen azraq  (Source: F Egypt) - Arabic
  • blaue ägyptische Seerose  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • blauer ägyptischer Lotus  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • egyptisk blålotus  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Egypt
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, - Free State, - Eastern Cape, - Gauteng, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga, - North West; Swaziland
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • Western Asia: Israel

  • Naturalized:

  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil - Sao Paulo
    • Southern South America: Argentina - Misiones

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.


  • Agami, M. 1980. The mysterious disappearance of the blue water lily Israel Land Nat. 5:154-156.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. 1995 (L Egypt)
  • Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. Conspectus florae angolensis. 1937- (F Angol)
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Fossen, T. & Ø. M. Andersen 1999. Delphinidin 3-galloylgalactosides from blue flowers of Nymphaea caerulea (Phytochemistry) 50:1185-1188.
  • Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. 2003- (Man CostaR)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mauve, A. A. 1967. Water-lilies in South Africa Fauna & Fl. (Pretoria) 18:31-35.
  • Merxmüller, H., ed. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika. 1966-1972 (F Namib)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Tur, N. M. 2003. Nymphaea elegans (Nymphaeaceae) nueva cita para la flora argentina (Hickenia) 3(38-47):167-170.
  • Tur, N. M. 2006. Sobre la presencia de Nymphaea caerulea (Nymphaeaceae) en la Argentina (Hickenia) 3(67):278.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Wanderley, M. G. L., ed. Flora fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo. 2001- (F Phan Sao Paulo)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)


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