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Taxon: Nymphaea lotus L.

Genus: Nymphaea
Subgenus: Lotos
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Nomen number: 25437
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:511. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 13-Dec-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Egyptian lotus  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Egyptian water-lily  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • tiger lotus  (Source: F Gabon) - English
  • white Egyptian lotus  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • white lotus  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • white water-lily  (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2) - English
  • bashneen abiad  (Source: F Egypt) - Arabic
  • lotier d'Egypte  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • lotus tigré  (Source: F Gabon) - French
  • nénuphar blanc  (Source: F Gabon) - French
  • ägyptische Lotosblume  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • weiße ägyptische Seerose  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • weißer ägyptischer Lotus  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • golfão-vermelho  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • loto  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • egyptisk vitlotus  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:


    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, [Rio Muni] Gabon, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Romania (n.w. (hot springs))

    Cultivated (also cult.)


    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Louisiana]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Guyana, Venezuela [Zulia]
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Santa Catarina, São Paulo]


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  2. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1961-. Flore du Gabon.
  3. Boudet, G. et al. 1986. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali
  4. Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  5. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  6. Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. 1984. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames
  7. Carrisso, L. W. et al., eds. 1937-. Conspectus florae angolensis.
  8. Catarino, L. et al. 2008. An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Guinea-Bissau (West Africa). Blumea 53:93.
  9. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  10. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  12. Ervik, F. & J. T. Knudsen. 2003. Water lilies and scarabs: faithful partners for 100 million years?. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 80:539-543.
  13. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  14. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  15. Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  16. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  17. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. 2003-. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica
  18. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  19. Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezuela.
  20. Humbert, J.-H., ed. 1936-. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores.
  21. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  22. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  23. Khedr, A. H. A. & A. K. Hegazy. 1998. Ecology of the rampant weed Nymphaea lotus L. Willdenow in natural and ricefield habitats of the Nile delta, Egypt. Hydrobiologia 386:119-129.
  24. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  25. Lisowski, S. 2009. Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée. Scripta Botanica Belgica vol. 41 & 42
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  27. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  28. Merxmüller, H., ed. 1966-1972. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika.
  29. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
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  31. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  32. Robyns, W. et al., eds. 1948-1963. Flore du Congo belge et du Ruanda-Urundi
  33. Singh, N. P., eds. 2002-. Flora of Jammu & Kashmir Note: mentions
  34. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  35. Troupin, G. 1978-. Flore du Rwanda.
  36. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  37. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  38. Verdcourt, B. 1989. A note on Nymphaea zenkeri Gilg (Nymphaeaceae). Kew Bull. 44:484.
  39. Verdcourt, B. 1989. The typification of Nymphaea lotus L.. Kew Bull. 44:179-180.
  40. Wanderley, M. G. L., ed. 2001-. Flora fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo
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  42. Wiersema, J. H. 1997. Nymphaea. Flora of North America.

Check other web resources for Nymphaea lotus L. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?25437. Accessed 20 September 2019.