Taxon: Ocimum tenuiflorum L.

Genus: Ocimum
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
  Subfamily: Nepetoideae
      Tribe: Ocimeae
Nomen number: 25491
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:597. 1753
Name Verified on: 19-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Oct-2007
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 11 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide F Males; Dict Econ Pl, as O. sanctum)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as,)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004, as O. sanctum)
  • Weed: (fide F Males)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere in tropics


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Chopra, D. & D. Simon The Chopra Center herbal handbook: forty natural prescriptions for perfect health. 2000 (Chopra Herbal)
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi. 1948-1976 (Wealth India RM)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Girija, T. & Tabish Flowers of India (on-line resource). (Flow India)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Paton, A. 1992. A synopsis of Ocimum L. (Labiatae) in Africa Kew Bull. 47:432.
  • Paton, A. & E. Putievsky 1996. Taxonomic problems and cytotaxonomic relationships between and within varieties of Ocimum basilicum and related species (Labiatae) Kew Bull. 51:510.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Singh, N. P. et al., eds. Flora of Maharashtra state. 2000-2001 (F Maharashtra)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Tirtha, SadaShiva The Ayurveda encyclopedia: Natural secrets to healing, prevention, and longevity. 1998 (Ayurveda Ency)
  • Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. 1968 (Dict Econ Pl)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)


Check other web resources for Ocimum tenuiflorum L. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.