Taxon: Oryza rufipogon Griff.

Genus: Oryza
Section: Oryza
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Oryzoideae
Tribe: Oryzeae
Subtribe: Oryzinae
Nomen number: 26076
Place of publication: Not. pl. asiat. 3:5; Icon. pl. asiat. 3: t. 144, fig. 2. 1851
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-May-2014
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC)
Accessions: 15 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: crop quality for rice (fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for rice (to aluminum fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: high yield for rice (fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: metal tolerance for rice (to aluminum fide Breed Sci 60:520. 2010)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of African rice (based on affinities to a clade of African Oryza barthii - O. glaberrima fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 70:355. 2014)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of rice (based on genome (AA carrier) constitution & crossability with rice fide Proc Natl Acad Sci 96:14404. 1999; Curr Opinion Biol 6:140. 2003)
  • Gene sources: probable progenitor of rice (probable progenitor of Asian cultivated rice based on its AA-genome constitution fide Breed Sci 60:519. 2010)
  • Gene sources: salt tolerance for rice (fide Pl Res SEAs 10:106. 1996)
  • Weed: (forms weedy hybrids with cultivated rice fide IRRI Pap. 138:11. 1989; Weeds of rice in Indonesia)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh ; India ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia ; Laos ; Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines Mindanao
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia Northern Territory, Queensland


  • Banaticla-Hilario, M. C. N. et al. 2013. Crossability patterns within and among Oryza series Sativae species from Asia and Australia Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 60:1899-1914.
  • Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants Florida state list aquatic & wetland noxious weeds - from Department of Environmental Protection (on-line resource). (FL AquaNoxweed)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  • Duistermaat, H. 1987. A revision of Oryza (Gramineae) in Malesia and Australia (Blumea) 32:170.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals (Pl Res SEAs) 10:106.
  • Hilu, K. W. & L. V. Sharova 2002. Evolutionary implications of substitution patterns in prolamin genes of Oryza glaberrima (African rice, Poaceae) and related species Amer. J. Bot. 89:211-219.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Moncada, P. et al. 2001. Quantitative trait loci for yield and yield components in an Oryza sativa × Oryza rufipogon BC2F2 population evaluated in an upland environment Theor. Appl. Genet. 102:41-52.
  • Morishima, H. 1984. Wild plants and domestication (Biol Rice) 6.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Prathepha, P. 2008. Genetic variation of wild rice populations from Thailand and the Lao PDR based on molecular markers Pakistan J. Biol. Sci. 11:26-33.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Sharma, S. D. Nomenclatural confusions in genus Oryza (Monog Oryza) 355.
  • Sharma, S. D. Species of genus Oryza and their interrelationships (Monog Oryza) 78, 100.
  • Soerjani, M. et al., eds. Weeds of rice in Indonesia. (Weeds Rice Indonesia)
  • Tateoka, T. 1963. Taxonomic studies of Oryza. III. Key to the species and their enumeration Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 76:169.
  • Vandiver, V. V. et al. 1992. Discovery of Oryza rufipogon (Poaceae: Oryzeae), new to the United States, with its implications (Sida) 15:105-110.
  • Vaughan, D. A. 1989. The genus Oryza L. Current status of taxonomy Int. Rice Res. Inst. Techn. Pap. 138:10, 17.
  • Vaughan, D. A. Revised key to species in genus Oryza (Monog Oryza) 348.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  • Zhang, X. et al. 2006. Identification of a drought tolerant introgression line derived from Dongxiang common wild rice (O. rufipogon Griff.) Pl. Molec. Biol. 62:247-259.
  • Zhu, Q. & S. Ge 2005. Phylogenetic relationships among A-genome species of the genus Oryza revealed by intron sequences of four nuclear genes New Phytol. 167:249-265.


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