Taxon: Panax quinquefolius L.

Genus: Panax
  Subgenus: Panax
    Section: Panax
Family: Araliaceae
  Subfamily: Aralioideae
Nomen number: 26381
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1058. 1753 "quinquefolium"
Name Verified on: 27-Jul-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Jul-2005
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • CITES Appendix II: ()
  • Materials: gum/resin (used in various cosmetics fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Materials: lipids (used in various cosmetics fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China


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Check other web resources for Panax quinquefolius L. :


  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image