Taxon: Panax quinquefolius L.

 
Genus: Panax
Subgenus: Panax
Section: Panax
Family: Araliaceae
Subfamily: Aralioideae
Nomen number: 26381
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1058. 1753 "quinquefolium"
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 27-Jul-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Jul-2005
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • CITES Appendix II: ()
  • Materials: gum/resin (used in various cosmetics fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Materials: lipids (used in various cosmetics fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario, Quebec (s.w.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota (s.), Missouri, Nebraska (e.), Oklahoma (e.), South Dakota (e.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Araliaceae&GenusID=Panax&SpeciesID=quinquefolius), Virginia]


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China


References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Brown, R. G. & M. L. Brown Herbaceous plants of Maryland. 1984 (HPl Mary)
  4. Browne, E. T. & R. Athey Vascular plants of Kentucky: an annotated checklist. 1992 (L Kentucky)
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  6. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  7. Deam, C. C. Flora of Indiana. (F Indiana)
  8. Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  12. Govaerts, R. & D. G. Frodin World checklist and bibliography of Araliaceae. 2004 (L Araliaceae)
  13. Hu, S. Y. 1976. The genus Panax (ginseng) in Chinese medicine Econ. Bot. 30:14.
  14. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  15. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  16. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  19. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  21. Mitchell, R. S., ed. A checklist of New York state plants. New York State Mus. Bull. 458. 1986 (L New York)
  22. Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. 1978 (Atlas Ill)
  23. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow) The vascular flora of Ohio. (F Ohio)
  24. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas. 1991 (L Minn)
  25. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  27. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  28. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  29. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  30. Seymour, F. The flora of New England. (F NEng)
  31. Small, E. Culinary herbs. (Culinary Herbs)
  32. Smith, A. C. 1944. Araliaceae (N Amer fl) 28B:9.
  33. Smith, E. B. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas. 1978 (L Arkansas)
  34. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  35. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  36. Wen, J. 2001. Species diversity, nomenclature, phylogeny, biogeography, and classification of the ginseng genus (Panax L., Araliaceae) (Proc Int Ginseng Wp) 69.
  37. Wherry, E. T. et al. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania. (Atlas Penn)
  38. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Panax quinquefolius L. :

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?26381. Accessed 21 April 2018.