Taxon: Fragaria vesca L.

 
Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Rosoideae
      Tribe: Potentilleae
        Subtribe: Fragariinae
Nomen number: 264
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:494. 1753
Name Verified on: 03-Sep-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Jan-2006
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 19 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • alpine strawberry  (Source: Scient Hort) - English
  • European strawberry  (Source: Food Feed Crops US) - English
  • wild strawberry  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • woodland strawberry  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • fraisier commun  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • fraisier des bois  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Walderdbeere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • besuka-ichigo  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • ezo-hebi-ichigo  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • ezo-no-hebi-ichigo  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • morangueiro-bravo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • fresa silvestre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • fresal común  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • smultron  (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn) - Swedish
  • ye cao mei  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Dict Gard; Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: research in plant biology (based on the genetic knowledge of Fragaria fide Genetics 36:312. 1951)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of strawberry (fide Acta Hort 265:32. 1989, as diploid, self compatible)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Gansu, - Guizhou, - Jilin, - Shaanxi, - Sichuan, - Xinjiang, - Yunnan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, - Buryatia, - Gorno-Altay, - Irkutsk, - Kemerovo, - Krasnoyarsk, - Kurgan, - Novosibirsk, - Omsk, - Tomsk, - Tuva, - Tyumen
    • Western Asia: Iran; Turkey
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Iowa, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - New Hampshire, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - North Carolina, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada - Saskatchewan, - Alberta, - Manitoba, - British Columbia

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Eastern Cape, - Western Cape, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido
  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Prince Edward Island
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Cuba; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Jamaica
    • Mesoamerica: Guatemala
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

References:

  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Allred, Kelly W. Flora Neomexicana I: The vascular plants of New Mexico, an annotated checklist to the names of vascular plants with synonymy and bibliography. 2008 (L New Mex)
  • Arias, M. et al. 2004. Breeding barriers between the cultivated strawberry Fragaria × ananassa, and related wild germplasm (Euphytica) 136:139-150.
  • Arias, M. et al. 2004. Breeding barriers between the cultivated strawberry Fragaria × ananassa, and related wild germplasm (Euphytica) 136:139-150.
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  • Caruso, G. et al. 2011. Effects of cultural cycles and nutrient solutions on plant growth, yield and fruit quality of alpine strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.) grown in hydroponics Sci. Hort. 129:479-485.
  • Clapham, A. R. et al. Flora of the British Isles ed. 2. 1962 (F BritClap)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Davis, T. M. et al. 2006. Assessment of SSR marker transfer from the cultivated strawberry to diploid strawberry species: functionality, linkage group assignment, and use in diversity analysis J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 131:506-512.
  • Davis, T. M. et al. 2006. Assessment of SSR marker transfer from the cultivated strawberry to diploid strawberry species: functionality, linkage group assignment, and use in diversity analysis J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 131:506-512.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Evans, W. D. 1982. The production of multispecific octoploids from Fragaria species and the cultivated strawberry (Euphytica)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & C. Hobbs A field guide to Western medicinal plants and herbs. 2002 (W Med Pl Herbs)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. 1955-1969 (F Pacif NW)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Kindscher, K. Medicinal wild plants of the prairie: an ethnobotanical guide. 1992 (Med Wild Pl Prairie)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. 2002. Potentilla and Fragaria (Rosaceae) reunited (Telopea) 9:800.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rostliny, L. Katalog Léçivých Rostlin & Malý Herbá&r Léçivých Rostlin. 1984-1985 (Kat Lev Ros)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Scott, D. H. 1950. Cytological studies on polyploids derived from tetraploid Fragaria vesca and cultivated strrawberris (Genetics) 36:312.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Staudt, G. 2009. Strawberry biogeography, genetics and systematics Acta Hort. 482:71-83.
  • Staudt, G. 2009. Strawberry biogeography, genetics and systematics Acta Hort. 482:71-83.
  • Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae) Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:38.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Fragaria vesca L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image