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Taxon: Panicum dichotomiflorum Michx.

 
Genus: Panicum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Panicinae
Nomen number: 26487
Place of publication: Fl. bor.-amer. 1:48. 1803
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-May-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 6 (2 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • autumn millet  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • bluegrass  (Source: Darwiniana) - English
  • fall panic grass  (Source: Pl Names) - English
  • fall panicum  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • smooth witchgrass  (Source: Darwiniana) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Nova Scotia, Ontario (s.e.), Quebec (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=2123), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Monocots&FamilyID=Poaceae&GenusID=Panicum&SpeciesID=dichotomiflorum), Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Cuba, Puerto Rico
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Suriname, Venezuela [Apure, Anzoategui, Delta Amacuro]
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Amazonas, Bahia, Ceara, Maranhao, Mato Grosso do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Santa Catarina]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, [Beni] Peru [Loreto]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, [Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, La Pampa, Misiones, Santa Fe] Paraguay, [Amambay, Paraguari, San Pedro] Uruguay [Artigas, Montevideo, Paysandu]


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere, incl. w. North America)

References:

  1. Aliscioni, S. S. et al. 2003. A molecular phylogeny of (Poaceae: Paniceae): tests of monophyly and phylogenetic placement within the Panicoideae Amer. J. Bot. 90:796-821.
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  3. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  5. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  6. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  7. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  8. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  10. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  11. Hunt, H. V. et al. 2014. Reticulate evolution in Panicum (Poaceae): the origin of tetraploid broomcorn millet, P. miliaceum J. Exp. Bot. 65:3165-3175.
  12. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  13. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  14. Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  15. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. (F CubaLeon)
  16. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  18. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  19. Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  20. Triplett, J. K. et al. 2012. Five nuclear loci resolve the polyploid history of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) and relatives (PloS One) 7(6): e38702.
  21. Zuloaga, F. O. 1989. El género Panicum (Poaceae: Paniceae) en la República Argentina. III (Darwiniana) 29:305-308.
  22. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)

Check other web resources for Panicum dichotomiflorum Michx. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?26487. Accessed 17 December 2018.