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Taxon: Alopecurus pratensis L.

 
Genus: Alopecurus
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Poinae
Nomen number: 2651
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:60. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 06-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 122 (75 active, 68 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • golden foxtail grass  (Source: Man HerbPl) - English
  • meadow foxtail  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • perennial foxtail  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • yellow foxtail grass  (Source: Man HerbPl) - English
  • meadow foxtail  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • vulpin des prés  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • vulpin des prés  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Wiesenfuchsschwanz  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • coda di volpe  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • ō-suzume-no-teppō  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • rabo-de-raposa  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • alopecuro  (Source: UPOV) - Spanish
  • cola de zorra  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • rabo de zorra  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • vulpino  (Source: UPOV) - Spanish
  • ängskavle  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • da kan mai niang  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • lisohvost lugovoj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Environmental: revegetator
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan (e.), Iran (n.), Turkey (n.w.)
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia (w.)] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East (s.)]
    • CHINA: China (n.e. & n.w.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Kalmykia, Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain


    Cultivated

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Iceland
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Canada (s.), United States


    Naturalized

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Alopecurus_pratensis_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 37.
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Alopecurus+pratensis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  9. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  10. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  11. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  12. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  13. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  14. Office of the Union. 2009. UPOV: International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants. List of the taxa protected by the members of the Union
  15. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  17. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  18. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  19. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:155.
  20. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:105.
  21. Still, S. M. 1994. Manual of herbaceous ornamental plants, ed. 4
  22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1980. Flora europaea. 5:241. Note: with two subspecies
  23. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  24. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:365-382.
  25. Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
  26. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Alopecurus pratensis L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?2651. Accessed 19 November 2019.