Taxon: Panicum repens L.

 
Genus: Panicum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Panicinae
Nomen number: 26620
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 1:87. 1762
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-May-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • couch panicum  (Source: Grass SAfr) - English
  • torpedo grass  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Victoria grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • millet rampant  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • panic rampant  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • kriechende Hirse  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • grama-da-praia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-de-ponta  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-portuguesa  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cañota  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (as a sand-binder fide Use Pl WT Afr; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: potential as forage ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, [Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal] Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CHINA: China (s.e.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Assam, Bihar, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal] Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina, Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Seychelles

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist. (Pl SAfr Online)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  4. Aliscioni, S. S. et al. 2003. A molecular phylogeny of Panicum (Poaceae: Paniceae): tests of monophyly and phylogenetic placement within the Panicoideae Amer. J. Bot. 90:796-821.
  5. Andrews, F. W. The flowering plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. (F Sudan)
  6. Baldwin, B. G. et al., eds. The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California (on-line resource). (F CalifJep ed2)
  7. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  8. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. (L Egypt)
  9. Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. (Use Pl WT Afr)
  10. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  11. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas (Pl Invasion) 255-267.
  12. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  13. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  14. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  15. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  16. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  17. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  18. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  19. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  20. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  21. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  22. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  23. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  24. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  25. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  26. Hitchcock, A. S. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2. (Grass US)
  27. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  28. Hunt, H. V. et al. 2014. Reticulate evolution in Panicum (Poaceae): the origin of tetraploid broomcorn millet, P. miliaceum J. Exp. Bot. 65:3165-3175.
  29. Hutchison, J. T. & R. B. Shaw 2013. Range expansion of Panicum repens (Poaceae) into central Texas (U.S.A.) may threaten endangered species J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 7:901-904.
  30. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  31. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  32. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  33. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  34. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
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  36. Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  37. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  38. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  39. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  40. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
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  42. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  43. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  44. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  45. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  46. Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  47. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  48. Sreekumar, P. V. & V. J. Nair Flora of Kerala - grasses. (Grass Kerala)
  49. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:176.
  50. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  51. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  52. Triplett, J. K. et al. 2012. Five nuclear loci resolve the polyploid history of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) and relatives (PloS One) 7(6): e38702.
  53. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  54. Veldkamp, J. F. 1996. Revision of Panicum and Whiteochloa in Malesia (Gramineae-Paniceae) (Blumea) 41:202.
  55. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
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  59. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  60. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
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Check other web resources for Panicum repens L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?26620. Accessed 24 May 2018.