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Taxon: Panicum virgatum L.

 
Genus: Panicum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paniceae
Subtribe: Panicinae
Nomen number: 26657
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:59. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358078
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 697 (514 active, 190 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide Food Feed Crops US; Grass VarUSA)
  • Environmental: ornamental; revegetator (fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001) wildlife habitat (fide NRCS Cons Pl Mat 2001)
  • Fuels:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan (s.e.), Manitoba]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Montana (e. & c.), Wyoming (e.)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, Nevada (s.), Utah (s.e.)]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja, Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Jalisco, Nayarit, Puebla, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama


    Cultivated

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. CRC Press. Note: Revised version of AH 170
  3. Bahri, B. A. et al. 2018. Natural variation in genes potentially involved in plant architecture and adaptation in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). B. M. C. Evol. Biol. 18:91, pages 1-20.
  4. Beetle, A. A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V. Phytologia 37:381.
  5. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 45.
  7. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  8. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Panicum+virgatum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Hitchcock, A. S. 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States, ed. 2.
  12. Huang, L.-K. et al. 2011. Genetic diversity of switchgrass and its relative species in Panicum genus using molecular markers. Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 39:685-693.
  13. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  14. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Note: with two varieties
  15. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946-1969. Flora de Cuba
  16. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  18. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  19. Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. 1992. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16
  20. Meyer, M. H. 2012. Chapter 3. Ornamental grasses in the United States. Hort. Rev. 39:121-151.
  21. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  22. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  23. Sanderson, M. A. et al. 2006. Switchgrass as a biofuels feedstock in the USA. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 86:1315:1325.
  24. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Panicum virgatum L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?26657. Accessed 20 November 2019.