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Taxon: Papaver rhoeas L.

 
Genus: Papaver
Section: Rhoeadium
Family: Papaveraceae
Subfamily: Papaveroideae
Tribe: Papavereae
Nomen number: 26703
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:507. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 21 (14 active, 8 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Food additives:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt, Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway (s.e.), Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (w.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Mexico, North America, United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Hispaniola
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource).
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Papaver+rhoeas&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  13. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 2000. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code) Art. 23.2, Ex. 1.
  14. Grey-Wilson, C. 1993. Poppies: The poppy family in the wild and in cultivation 164.
  15. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  16. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer. 2006. New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist
  17. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  18. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  19. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  20. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  21. Jonsell, B., ed. 2000. Flora nordica.
  22. Kadereit, J. W. 1988. A revision of Papaver L. section Rhoeadium Spach. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 45:273.
  23. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  24. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  25. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  26. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  27. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  30. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:113.
  31. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  32. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  33. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):378.
  34. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  35. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  36. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  37. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  38. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  39. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  40. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  41. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  42. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile. Check List 7:365-382.
  43. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  44. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  45. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Papaver rhoeas L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?26703. Accessed 16 October 2019.