Taxon: Paspalum dilatatum Poir.

 
Genus: Paspalum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Paniceae
Nomen number: 26843
Place of publication: Encycl. 5:35. 1804
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-Mar-2003
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 522 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Grass SAfr; Pl Res SEAs 4:178. 1992; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al., including ‘Paraguay’)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Tanzania
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Zambia
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Ghana
    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Taiwan
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Israel; Jordan; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Indochina
    • Malesia: Philippines
    • Papuasia: Solomon Islands
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Greece; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal
  • Northern America

    • : United States
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Nuevo Leon
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Veracruz
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: U.S. Outlying Islands - Johnston Atoll; United States - Hawaii
    • Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Fiji; New Caledonia; Niue
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Central America: Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. 1960- (F Zamb)
  • Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. 2008 (Pl Angol)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. 1986- (F Guianas)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Koning, R. de & M. S. M. Sosef 1985. The Malesian species of Paspalum L. (Gramineae) (Blumea) 30:293-294.
  • Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  • Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Mejía-Saulés, M. T. & P. Dávila A. Gramíneas Útiles de México. Cuad. Inst. Biol. 16. 1992 (Grass Util Mex)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:178.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. 1974. El genero Paspalum (Gramineae) en la provincia de Jujuy Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 16:62.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)

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