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Taxon: Paullinia cupana Kunth

Genus: Paullinia
Family: Sapindaceae
Subfamily: Sapindoideae
Nomen number: 27031
Place of publication: F. W. H. A. von Humboldt et al., Nov. gen. sp. 5:91[folio]; 5:117[quarto]. 1821
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 25-Jan-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Sep-2002
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 3 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (seed paste used in soft drinks, candy, & to flavor liquers); flavoring (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:100. 2000)
  • Human food:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Social: stimulant

Distributional Range:


    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Guyana, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Amazonas, Pará]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, [Napo] Peru


    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Rondônia, Acre, Bahia, Mato Grosso]


  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. 2012. Sapindaceae (F Guianas) 29:1-196.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Arkcoll, D. B. & C. R. Clemenet 1989. Potential new food crops from the Amazon. In: G. E. Wickens et al., New crops for food and industry (New Crops Food Ind) 162.
  4. Atroch, A. L. 2009. Avaliação e seleção de progênies de meios irmãos de guaranazeiro (Paullinia cupana var. sorbilis (Mart.) Ducke) utilizando caracteres morfo-agronômicos. Manaus. Doctoral Thesis UFAM/INPA 1-72.
  5. de Souza C., A. das G. et al. 2012. Contribution of the institutions in the Northern region of Brazil to the development of plant cultivars and their impact on agriculture Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. S2:47-56.
  6. do Nascimento Filho, F. J. et al. 2001. Divergência genética entre clones de guaranazeiro Pesq. Agropecu. Brasil. 36:501-506.
  7. Duke, J. A. Handbook of Nuts (Handb Nuts)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage (Zander ed13)
  10. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants (Cornucopia)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  13. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75 (L Ecuador)
  14. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2 (Ency CNatIn)
  15. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru (F Peru)
  16. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2 (Food Feed Crops US)
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  18. Medeiros, H. et al. 2016. Wild relatives of guaraná (Paullinia cupana, Sapindaceae) in southwestern Brazilian Amazon Syst. Bot. 41:202-228.
  19. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  20. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants (Dict Rehm)
  21. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  22. Schimpl, F. C. et al. 2013. Guarana: Revisiting a highly caffeinated plant from the Amazon J. Ethnopharmacol. 150:14-31.
  23. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants (Pl Res SEAs) 16:99.

Check other web resources for Paullinia cupana Kunth :

  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?27031. Accessed 25 April 2019.