Taxon: Persea americana Mill.

 
Genus: Persea
  Subgenus: Persea
Family: Lauraceae
Nomen number: 27393
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Persea no. 1. 1768
Name Verified on: 23-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Dec-2007
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 770 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit (fide Avocado 15-37. 2002)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of avocado (fide Avocado 2nd ed, 4:35. 2013)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . origin Mesoamerica

    Native:

  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Nayarit, - Oaxaca, - Puebla, - Quintana Roo, - Tabasco
  • Southern America

    • Mesoamerica: Belize - Corozal; Costa Rica, - Alajuela, - Puntarenas; El Salvador, - Chalatenango, - Santa Ana; Guatemala, - Baja Verapaz, - Chimaltenango, - Huehuetenango, - Jalapa, - Quiche, - Solola, - Zacapa; Honduras, - Atlantida, - Copan, - El Paraiso, - Francisco Morazan, - Intibuca; Nicaragua, - Granada, - Madriz, - Matagalpa
    • Northern South America: Venezuela - Amazonas

  • Naturalized:

  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia; Pitcairn

  • Cultivated:

    • :
  • Northern America

    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Nuevo Leon
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Guerrero, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Michoacan, - Veracruz
  • Southern America

    • Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica - Cartago, - San Jose; El Salvador - San Salvador; Honduras - Olancho; Nicaragua - Chontales, - Jinotega; Panama, - Chiriqui, - Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Ashworth, V. E. T. M. et al. 2011. Chapter 8. Persea (Wild Crop Rel Trp Fr) 173-188.
  • Burger, W. C., ed. Flora costaricensis. 1971- (F CostaR)
  • Chanderbali, A. S. et al. 2013. Chapter 3. Taxonomy and botany (Avocado 2nd ed) 35.
  • Chanderbali, A. S. et al. 2013. Chapter 3. Taxonomy and botany (Avocado 2nd ed) 35.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Kopp, L. E. 1966. A taxonomic revision of the genus Persea in the Western Hemisphere (Perseae-Lauraceae) Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14(1):15.
  • Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. 1981- (F Hispan)
  • Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 1984- (F PuertoR)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Scora, R. W. et al. 2002. Taxonomy and botany (Avocado) 19-23.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat)
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). 2001 (F Nicaragua)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:249.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 1990 (F Hawaii)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Williams, L. O. 1977. The avocados, a synopsis of the genus Persea, subg. Persea Econ. Bot. 31:315-320.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Persea americana Mill. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image