Taxon: Phalaris aquatica L.

Genus: Phalaris
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Pooideae
      Tribe: Poeae
        Subtribe: Phalaridinae
Nomen number: 27511
Place of publication: Cent. pl. I:4. 1755 (Amoen. acad. 4:264. 1759)
Name Verified on: 25-Jan-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 20-Nov-2007
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 435 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Grass VarUSA)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al.)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece - Crete; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: Ireland; United Kingdom
  • Northern America

    • : United States


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin). 2009 (Vara kulturvaxt namn)
  • Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  • Baldini, R. M. 1995. Revision of the genus Phalaris L. (Gramineae) (Webbia) 49:276.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. Flora of Madeira. 1994 (F Madeira)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catalogo de la familia Poaceae en la Republica Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)


Check other web resources for Phalaris aquatica L. :