Taxon: Phalaris minor Retz.

Genus: Phalaris
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Pooideae
      Tribe: Poeae
        Subtribe: Phalaridinae
Nomen number: 27523
Place of publication: Observ. bot. 3:8. 1783
Name Verified on: 25-Jan-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Oct-2001
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 59 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (for livestock or for birdseed fide Webbia 49:280. 1995; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: forage (for livestock or for birdseed fide Webbia 49:280. 1995; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al.)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain; Kuwait; Saudi Arabia
    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Germany; Netherlands
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Greece; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Kyushu
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
  • Europe

    • East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic
    • Northern Europe: Denmark
  • Northern America

    • : Mexico; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • Southern South America: Uruguay
    • Western South America: Colombia; Peru

  • Adventive:

  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom


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  • Baldini, R. M. 1995. Revision of the genus Phalaris L. (Gramineae) (Webbia) 49:279.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Ellis, R. P. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
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