Taxon: Phoenix reclinata Jacq.

 
Genus: Phoenix
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Phoeniceae
Nomen number: 28054
Place of publication: Fragm. bot. 1:27, t. 24. 1801 ("1809")
Link to protologue:
Comment: for date of publication of fascicles 1 & 2 of this work see comments in Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: 20, 64. 1804
Typification:
Name Verified on: 14-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 7 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • Senegal date palm  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • wild date palm  (Source: Use Pl Ghana) - English
  • dattier du Ségégal  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • Senegal-Dattelpalme  (Source: Zander Ency) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Krussmann; Zander ed14)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of date (based on affinities to the "Phoenix dactylifera clade" fide Acta Hort 994:21, 22, 34. 2013)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, South Africa [Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar (n. & s.w.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia (s.), Yemen


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Abbiw, D. K. Useful plants of Ghana. 1990 (Use Pl Ghana)
  2. Andrews, F. W. The flowering plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. (F Sudan)
  3. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  4. Ballardini, M. et al. 2013. The chloroplast DNA locus psbZ-trnfM as a potential barcode marker in Phoenix L. (Arecaceae) (ZooKeys) 365:71-82.
  5. Barrow, S. C. 1998. A monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae) Kew Bull. 53:533.
  6. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  7. Dransfield, J. & H. Beentje The palms of Madagascar. 1995 (Palms Madag)
  8. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  10. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  11. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  14. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  15. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  17. Mjoli, N. & C. M. Shackleton 2015. The trade in and hpusehold use of Phoenix reclinata palm frond hand brushes on the Wild Coast, South Africa Econ. Bot. 69:218-229.
  18. Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms (Principes) 7:157.
  19. Pintaud, J.-C. et al. 2013. Biogeography of the Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L., Arecaceae): Insights on the origin and on the structure of modern diversity Acta Hort. 994:19-38.
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  21. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  22. St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  23. Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. (F Somalia)
  24. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  25. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Phoenix reclinata Jacq. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?28054. Accessed 21 April 2018.