Taxon: Phoenix reclinata Jacq.

 
Genus: Phoenix
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
  Subfamily: Coryphoideae
      Tribe: Phoeniceae
Nomen number: 28054
Place of publication: Fragm. bot. 1:27, t. 24. 1801 ("1809")
Comment: for date of publication of fascicles 1 & 2 of this work see comments in Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: 20, 64. 1804
Name Verified on: 14-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-Feb-2016
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 46 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Senegal date palm  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • wild date palm  (Source: Use Pl Ghana) - English
  • dattier du Ségégal  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • Senegal-Dattelpalme  (Source: Zander Ency) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Krussmann; Zander ed14)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of date (based on affinities to the "Phoenix dactylifera clade" fide Acta Hort 994:21, 22, 34. 2013)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; South Africa - Cape Province, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Transvaal
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

    Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Abbiw, D. K. Useful plants of Ghana. 1990 (Use Pl Ghana)
  • Andrews, F. W. The flowering plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. 1950-1956 (F Sudan)
  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  • Ballardini, M. et al. 2013. The chloroplast DNA locus psbZ-trnfM as a potential barcode marker in Phoenix L. (Arecaceae) (ZooKeys) 365:71-82.
  • Ballardini, M. et al. 2013. The chloroplast DNA locus psbZ-trnfM as a potential barcode marker in Phoenix L. (Arecaceae) (ZooKeys) 365:71-82.
  • Barrow, S. C. 1998. A monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae) Kew Bull. 53:533.
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Dransfield, J. & H. Beentje The palms of Madagascar. 1995 (Palms Madag)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Mjoli, N. & C. M. Shackleton 2015. The trade in and hpusehold use of Phoenix reclinata palm frond hand brushes on the Wild Coast, South Africa Econ. Bot. 69:218-229.
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms (Principes) 7:157.
  • Pintaud, J.-C. et al. 2013. Biogeography of the Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L., Arecaceae): Insights on the origin and on the structure of modern diversity Acta Hort. 994:19-38.
  • Pintaud, J.-C. et al. 2013. Biogeography of the Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L., Arecaceae): Insights on the origin and on the structure of modern diversity Acta Hort. 994:19-38.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin)
  • St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Phoenix reclinata Jacq. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image