Taxon: Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb.

Genus: Phoenix
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Phoeniceae
Nomen number: 28059
Place of publication: Fl. ind. ed. 1832, 3:787. 1832
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 14-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Riverside (RIV)
Accessions: 12 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: sweetener (fide Dict Gard; Cornucopia)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Eur Gard F)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Cornucopia)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Cornucopia)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide Wealth India RM 8:28. 1969)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of date (based on belonging to the "Phoenix dactylifera clade" fide Acta Hort 994:21, 22, 34. 2013)
  • Materials: cane (fide Wealth India RM 8:28. 1969)
  • Materials: fiber (fide Wealth India RM 8:28. 1969)
  • Materials: wood (fide Wealth India RM 8:28. 1969)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India Bihar, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; Nepal

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Ballardini, M. et al. 2013. The chloroplast DNA locus psbZ-trnfM as a potential barcode marker in Phoenix L. (Arecaceae) (ZooKeys) 365:71-82.
  • Barrow, S. C. 1998. A monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae) Kew Bull. 53:541.
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 1969. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. (Wealth India RM) 8:25-28.
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Howard, R. 1979. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt) 3:343.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. (F TamilC)
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms (Principes) 7:157.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  • Pintaud, J.-C. et al. 2013. Biogeography of the Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L., Arecaceae): Insights on the origin and on the structure of modern diversity Acta Hort. 994:19-38.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  • St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)


Check other web resources for Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.