Taxon: Amaranthus viridis L.

Genus: Amaranthus
  Subgenus: Albersia
Family: Amaranthaceae
Nomen number: 2808
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 2:1405. 1763
Name Verified on: 04-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 04-Feb-2003
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 22 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • green amaranth  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • pigweed  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Prince-of-Wales-feather  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • slender amaranth  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • tropical green amaranth  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • amarante verte  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • grüner Amarant  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • cararu  (Source: Food Feed Crops US) - Portuguese
  • bredo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • carurú-comum  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • carurú-de-mancha  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • carurú-de-porco  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • carurú-de-soldado  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • bledo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • zhou guo xian  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: vegetable (used like spinach fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional Range:


    . origin obscure, possibly South America


    . widely natzd. tropical weed, adventive to warm-temperate regions


  • Africa

    • West Tropical Africa: Nigeria
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Gabon; Zaire
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Indonesia; Papua New Guinea
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: West Indies


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  • Costea, M. et al. 2001. Notes on some little known Amaranthus taxa (Amaranthaceae) in the United States (Sida) 19:986-988.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • El-Hadidi, M. N. & M. S. Abdallah Flora of Egypt. 1980- (F Egypt Cairo)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Görts-van Rijn, A. R. A., ed. Flora of the Guianas. 1986- (F Guianas)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. 1973- (F Ecuador)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Mansfeld, R. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2. 1959 (Mansfeld)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin)
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. 1970- (F Thailand)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Wiggins, I. L. & D. M. Porter Flora of the Galapagos islands. 1971 (F Galap)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)


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